© Educational Video Network, Inc. 2005 - www.evndirect.com
Your leading source for curriculum-based educational videos and DVDs.
Order this item online today!

Study Guide Answers

1.     Acrylic paints dry through _________________________________________.
     evaporation
2.     Acrylics dry [ quickly/ slowly ].
     quickly
3.     How can you keep acrylic paints moist?
     Use an air-tight palette saver.
4.     Why is glass the best surface for a palette?
     It's nonporous.
5.     What is sprayed onto the palette when you want to clean the acrylic residue? What must be used to clean up oil paints?
     water/ turpentine
6.     Why should your palette be edged with wet paper towels?
     to help prevent the paints from drying out
7.     What color of paint is the most-used paint?
     white
8.     On a palette, what colors should be kept together?
     complementary colors, light colors, dark colors
9.     What types of brushes should be used?
     bristle or sable brushes
10.     A "hakee" brush is slender and stiff. True or false?
     false
11.     How many basic brushes do beginners need?
     four
12.     Why is charcoal needed?
     for sketching on top of acrylic paint
13.     A canvas must be coated with ______________________________.
     gesso
14.     Why is masonite panel sometimes used?
     to achieve extreme detail
15.     The "tooth" on canvas gives it a(n) ___________________________________.
     rough edge
16.     Work on a(n) __________________________________, if possible.
     easel
17.     Acrylic paint washes right out of clothing. True or false?
     false
18.     _______________________________ the water out of your brushes.
     Squeegee
19.     Clean your brushes with _________________________________________________________.
     warm water and soap
20.     Wet your canvas well, before you begin to paint. True or false?
     true
21.     When painting a sky, what should you blend with your paint?
     gesso
22.     How should you apply the gesso?
     in "figure eights" or in the shape of the letter, "X"
23.     Block in sky and water at the same time. True or false?
     true
24.     What is on a "double-loaded" brush?
     two colors of paint
25.     Colors that blend together ______________________________ themselves.
     gray
26.     When you mist the canvas, you must then ____________________________ the whole area.
     blend
27.     What is used to blend colors on the palette?
     the brush
28.     What creates the "life" in a painting?
     sunlight
29.     Before doing any major foreground work, what should you finish?
     the sky
30.     White is a(n) __________________________________-changer.
     value
31.     Whatever is above the water is ______________________ the water.
     in
32.     What do you do if you make a mistake while sketching on the painting with charcoal?
     Simply wipe it off with a piece of damp paper towel.
33.     What do you apply to the outer edges of cloud formations?
     highlights ( silver linings )
34.     Your fingers can be used to "_____________________________" areas of the painting.
     soften
35.     The average viewing distance for a painting is _______________________________________.
     six feet
36.     All sides of all objects should be highlighted. True or false?
     false
37.     Pushing into the canvas with your thumb __________________________ the canvas.
     tightens
38.     When is the only time that you have to hurry when doing an acrylic painting?
     when doing large areas, such as backgrounds
39.     Whenever you use green, always use its _______________________________.
     complement ( some form of red )
40.     What colors are always used in deep shadows?
     purple and blue
41.     What is the natural shadow color?
     purple
42.     Which brush is "exciting and dangerous"?
     the script brush
43.     How do you form a point on the script brush?
     Roll it in the paint.
44.     When making tree trunks and limbs, always start from the top and work in a downward direction. True or false?
     false
45.     Tree limbs add _______________________________________________ to the painting.
     variety and contrast
46.     Adding white _________________________ the paint.
     opaques
47.     How can depth be added to a clump of trees?
     Highlight the central area of the clump.
48.     Add a(n) __________________________________ color to create the main trunk of a tree.
     contrasting
49.     What colors are used to make "sunshine"?
     white, yellow, and red
50.     How many "values" are used when blocking the barn?
     three
51.     Why are lead pencils not a good idea for the sketch work?
     Lead from pencils gets into the grooves of the canvas and it's hard to move it.
52.     To create ripples in the water, use a(n) _______________________________ stroke.
     concave
53.     What does the stroke mentioned in #1 resemble?
     a shallow letter "c" lying on its back
54.     Hold your paintbrush as close to the bristles as possible. True or false?
     false
55.     Depth is created when objects are closer together. True or false?
     true
56.     The farther away objects are, the ________________________________ those objects are.
     smaller
57.     Farther back in the water, there should be [ more/ fewer ] ripples.
     fewer
58.     How do you "soften" the reflections that are in the water?
     Dry-brush the whitish paint that's used for ripples over the reflections.
59.     When making tree limbs, use the "___________________________ end" of the brush.
     chisel
60.     Where's the part of the brush that's mentioned in #8?
     It's the edge that's found just before the tip of the brush.
61.     Trees are always ________________________ at the base.
     wider
62.     When painting grass, turn your brush __________________________________.
     sideways
63.     "Negative space" creates ______________________ and ________________________.
     shape/ form
64.     Colors must be repeated in a painting in order for balance to be achieved. True or false?
     true
65.     It's impossible to "overhighlight" a tree. True or false?
     false
66.     Be ___________________________ when you paint.
     relaxed
67.     On what part of the tree do you highlight with a mixture of white and yellow?
     on the outer edges of some of the leaves
68.     White, burnt umber, and blue, when mixed, will yield what color?
     gray
69.     Taper tree limbs until they turn into ___________________________________________ .
     very thin lines
70.     Finish one entire section of a canvas before doing work in any other sections. True or false?
     false
71.     When not using a particular paintbrush, allow it to soak in water in a can or jar. True or false?
     false
72.     Keep the brush bristles ______________________________.
     flat
73.     When working on the barn, ____________________________ your brush to fit the angle of the roof.
     angle
74.     An artist is really a(n) ___________________________________.
     illusionist
75.     Placing your "little finger" against the canvas will help to ____________________________________.
     steady your hand
76.     Outline subjects that you're painting. True or false?
     false
77.     Create the ______________________________ of detail, depth, and motion.
     illusion
78.     During the three-dimensional stage of the painting, the painting develops more ________________________________.
     character
79.     _______________________________ the edge of the shoreline.
     Deepen
80.     Any contrast against the water will make the water look ______________________________.
     wetter
81.     Blotch the rock area with _____________________ of dark color.
     blobs
82.     Work on the rock formation, going from top to bottom. True or false?
     true
83.     What is a "dabble board"?
     a piece of cardboard used to get your brush ready for painting
84.     Create grass between rocks by using a downward motion. True or false?
     false
85.     Create a(n) ______________________________ for the flow of the grass.
     pattern
86.     Areas of light and dark create ________________________ in a painting.
     depth
87.     Reflections are a little bit _____________________________ than the actual objects.
     lighter
88.     When working on the tree stump, _____________________________ your pressure as you move across the stump.
     lighten
89.     Where is the focal point of this particular painting?
     the center of the canvas
90.     What shape should you think of when working on the weeds?
     a circle
91.     Add a final highlight to the water by adding a(n) ____________________________.
     glaze
92.     Of what is the highlight mentioned in #1 made?
     water and a little white paint
93.     Without contrast, paintings look "______________________________."
     dead
94.     What color can overpower a painting, if you aren't careful?
     green
95.     Highlight the rocks with "_______________________________."
     sunshine
96.     How can you add cracks and crevices to the rocks?
     Use very dark paint and the script brush.
97.     Soften the cracks ____________________________________________________.
     with your finger
98.     Don't ever paint with hard ________________________________.
     edges
99.     The secret to good weeds is to __________________________________________________.
     get your brush loaded
100.     Build ___________________________ for the rocks to set in.
     pockets
101.     What should be the accent color in a painting that contains a lot of green?
     red
102.     What are the "three values"?
     light, middle-tone, and dark
103.     "Reflected highlighting" is also called "______________________________________."
     backlighting
104.     Where is the reflected light in a painting?
     the area on the backside of a rounded object
105.     You become a better painter if you learn how to _____________________ your paints.
     mix
106.     What colors do you mix to create the color needed for backlighting?
     blue, purple, and white
107.     Where do you place the color that backlights?
     on the backside of an object
108.     How do you apply the backlighting paint?
     Turn your brush sideways and smudge the color down the edge.
109.     Objects in the distance are [ darker/ lighter ] in value.
     lighter
110.     Birds can be created by using a few simple strokes. True or false?
     true
111.     How can you avoid "blobs" at the bases of weeds?
     Skim the surface of the canvas and barely touch it.
112.     When you're adding rocks to a painting, you add __________________________.
     smudges
113.     When finishing your painting, with what should you wipe the canvas?
     a damp paper towel
114.     Sign your painting in a lower corner, on an angle. True or false?
     false
115.     Sign in a color that is ___________________________ to the color scheme of the painting.
     complementary
© Educational Video Network, Inc. 2005 - www.evndirect.com
Your leading source for curriculum-based educational videos and DVDs.