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Study Guide Answers

1.     Acrylic paints dry through _________________________________________.
2.     Acrylics dry [ quickly/ slowly ].
3.     How can you keep acrylic paints moist?
     Use an air-tight palette saver.
4.     Why is glass the best surface for a palette?
     It's nonporous.
5.     What is sprayed onto the palette when you want to clean the acrylic residue? What must be used to clean up oil paints?
     water/ turpentine
6.     Why should your palette be edged with wet paper towels?
     to help prevent the paints from drying out
7.     What color of paint is the most-used paint?
8.     On a palette, what colors should be kept together?
     complementary colors, light colors, dark colors
9.     What types of brushes should be used?
     bristle or sable brushes
10.     A "hakee" brush is slender and stiff. True or false?
11.     How many basic brushes do beginners need?
12.     Why is charcoal needed?
     for sketching on top of acrylic paint
13.     A canvas must be coated with ______________________________.
14.     Why is masonite panel sometimes used?
     to achieve extreme detail
15.     The "tooth" on canvas gives it a(n) ___________________________________.
     rough edge
16.     Work on a(n) __________________________________, if possible.
17.     Acrylic paint washes right out of clothing. True or false?
18.     _______________________________ the water out of your brushes.
19.     Clean your brushes with _________________________________________________________.
     warm water and soap
20.     Wet your canvas well, before you begin to paint. True or false?
21.     When painting a sky, what should you blend with your paint?
22.     How should you apply the gesso?
     in "figure eights" or in the shape of the letter, "X"
23.     Block in sky and water at the same time. True or false?
24.     What is on a "double-loaded" brush?
     two colors of paint
25.     Colors that blend together ______________________________ themselves.
26.     When you mist the canvas, you must then ____________________________ the whole area.
27.     What is used to blend colors on the palette?
     the brush
28.     What creates the "life" in a painting?
29.     Before doing any major foreground work, what should you finish?
     the sky
30.     White is a(n) __________________________________-changer.
31.     Whatever is above the water is ______________________ the water.
32.     What do you do if you make a mistake while sketching on the painting with charcoal?
     Simply wipe it off with a piece of damp paper towel.
33.     What do you apply to the outer edges of cloud formations?
     highlights ( silver linings )
34.     Your fingers can be used to "_____________________________" areas of the painting.
35.     The average viewing distance for a painting is _______________________________________.
     six feet
36.     All sides of all objects should be highlighted. True or false?
37.     Pushing into the canvas with your thumb __________________________ the canvas.
38.     When is the only time that you have to hurry when doing an acrylic painting?
     when doing large areas, such as backgrounds
39.     Whenever you use green, always use its _______________________________.
     complement ( some form of red )
40.     What colors are always used in deep shadows?
     purple and blue
41.     What is the natural shadow color?
42.     Which brush is "exciting and dangerous"?
     the script brush
43.     How do you form a point on the script brush?
     Roll it in the paint.
44.     When making tree trunks and limbs, always start from the top and work in a downward direction. True or false?
45.     Tree limbs add _______________________________________________ to the painting.
     variety and contrast
46.     Adding white _________________________ the paint.
47.     How can depth be added to a clump of trees?
     Highlight the central area of the clump.
48.     Add a(n) __________________________________ color to create the main trunk of a tree.
49.     What colors are used to make "sunshine"?
     white, yellow, and red
50.     How many "values" are used when blocking the barn?
51.     Why are lead pencils not a good idea for the sketch work?
     Lead from pencils gets into the grooves of the canvas and it's hard to move it.
52.     To create ripples in the water, use a(n) _______________________________ stroke.
53.     What does the stroke mentioned in #1 resemble?
     a shallow letter "c" lying on its back
54.     Hold your paintbrush as close to the bristles as possible. True or false?
55.     Depth is created when objects are closer together. True or false?
56.     The farther away objects are, the ________________________________ those objects are.
57.     Farther back in the water, there should be [ more/ fewer ] ripples.
58.     How do you "soften" the reflections that are in the water?
     Dry-brush the whitish paint that's used for ripples over the reflections.
59.     When making tree limbs, use the "___________________________ end" of the brush.
60.     Where's the part of the brush that's mentioned in #8?
     It's the edge that's found just before the tip of the brush.
61.     Trees are always ________________________ at the base.
62.     When painting grass, turn your brush __________________________________.
63.     "Negative space" creates ______________________ and ________________________.
     shape/ form
64.     Colors must be repeated in a painting in order for balance to be achieved. True or false?
65.     It's impossible to "overhighlight" a tree. True or false?
66.     Be ___________________________ when you paint.
67.     On what part of the tree do you highlight with a mixture of white and yellow?
     on the outer edges of some of the leaves
68.     White, burnt umber, and blue, when mixed, will yield what color?
69.     Taper tree limbs until they turn into ___________________________________________ .
     very thin lines
70.     Finish one entire section of a canvas before doing work in any other sections. True or false?
71.     When not using a particular paintbrush, allow it to soak in water in a can or jar. True or false?
72.     Keep the brush bristles ______________________________.
73.     When working on the barn, ____________________________ your brush to fit the angle of the roof.
74.     An artist is really a(n) ___________________________________.
75.     Placing your "little finger" against the canvas will help to ____________________________________.
     steady your hand
76.     Outline subjects that you're painting. True or false?
77.     Create the ______________________________ of detail, depth, and motion.
78.     During the three-dimensional stage of the painting, the painting develops more ________________________________.
79.     _______________________________ the edge of the shoreline.
80.     Any contrast against the water will make the water look ______________________________.
81.     Blotch the rock area with _____________________ of dark color.
82.     Work on the rock formation, going from top to bottom. True or false?
83.     What is a "dabble board"?
     a piece of cardboard used to get your brush ready for painting
84.     Create grass between rocks by using a downward motion. True or false?
85.     Create a(n) ______________________________ for the flow of the grass.
86.     Areas of light and dark create ________________________ in a painting.
87.     Reflections are a little bit _____________________________ than the actual objects.
88.     When working on the tree stump, _____________________________ your pressure as you move across the stump.
89.     Where is the focal point of this particular painting?
     the center of the canvas
90.     What shape should you think of when working on the weeds?
     a circle
91.     Add a final highlight to the water by adding a(n) ____________________________.
92.     Of what is the highlight mentioned in #1 made?
     water and a little white paint
93.     Without contrast, paintings look "______________________________."
94.     What color can overpower a painting, if you aren't careful?
95.     Highlight the rocks with "_______________________________."
96.     How can you add cracks and crevices to the rocks?
     Use very dark paint and the script brush.
97.     Soften the cracks ____________________________________________________.
     with your finger
98.     Don't ever paint with hard ________________________________.
99.     The secret to good weeds is to __________________________________________________.
     get your brush loaded
100.     Build ___________________________ for the rocks to set in.
101.     What should be the accent color in a painting that contains a lot of green?
102.     What are the "three values"?
     light, middle-tone, and dark
103.     "Reflected highlighting" is also called "______________________________________."
104.     Where is the reflected light in a painting?
     the area on the backside of a rounded object
105.     You become a better painter if you learn how to _____________________ your paints.
106.     What colors do you mix to create the color needed for backlighting?
     blue, purple, and white
107.     Where do you place the color that backlights?
     on the backside of an object
108.     How do you apply the backlighting paint?
     Turn your brush sideways and smudge the color down the edge.
109.     Objects in the distance are [ darker/ lighter ] in value.
110.     Birds can be created by using a few simple strokes. True or false?
111.     How can you avoid "blobs" at the bases of weeds?
     Skim the surface of the canvas and barely touch it.
112.     When you're adding rocks to a painting, you add __________________________.
113.     When finishing your painting, with what should you wipe the canvas?
     a damp paper towel
114.     Sign your painting in a lower corner, on an angle. True or false?
115.     Sign in a color that is ___________________________ to the color scheme of the painting.
© Educational Video Network, Inc. 2005 - www.evndirect.com
Your leading source for curriculum-based educational videos and DVDs.