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Study Guide Answers

1.     "Semana Santa" means "__________________ _____________________."
     Holy Week
2.     When the Spanish conquered the Mayas, the Indians were forced to accept the _________________ ___________________ faith.
     Roman Catholic
3.     Have the Indians abandoned the religious traditions of their ancestors?
     no
4.     The Easter festivities are a composite of ______________ and _______________ rituals.
     Christian/ Mayan
5.     A "shaman" is a(n) __________________________ _________________ .
     medicine man
6.     Ancient _________________ rites used to be scheduled just before spring planting season.
     fertility
7.     Baskets of ______________ are carried to the churches, to be blessed.
     food
8.     ________________ is brought up from the lowlands and hung in the households.
     Fruit
9.     Many villages erect ___________________ decorated with fruits and flowers.
     arches
10.     The week before Holy Week is called "______________ _______ _______________," or "Week of ___________________."
     Semana de Dolores/ Repentance
11.     On the Monday night after Palm Sunday, hundreds of men wearing ____________________ and __________________ robes fill the streets of Guatemala City.
     purple/ black
12.     The _____________________ mark the approach of a procession.
     cucuruchos
13.     ______________________ is burned and the mood is _________________ .
     Incense/ solemn
14.     Processions grow in _________________as Good Friday draws near.
     grandeur
15.     Colorful carpets made of ____________________ decorate the streets.
     sawdust
16.     The Reseņa Procession of Guatemala is said to have originated in the ____________ Century.
     17th
17.     "___________________" are heavy platforms that bear either the figure of Christ or those of various saints.
     Andas
18.     People throw _________________ onto the anda as it passes.
     flowers
19.     Those who carry the andas on their shoulders are called "_________________."
     brazos
20.     The last figure to be seen in the procession is" La _________________," the ______________ __________________ . Who always carries this figure?
     Dolorosa/ Virgin Mary/ women
21.     The _____________ extending from her heart symbolizes her _____________ .
     sword/ grief
22.     Who is "Maximon"?
     a wooden figure whose origins are traced to Judas - on Saturday, he is bound and executed - in some villages he is believed to have healing powers
23.     In ________________ ________________, Maximon is worshiped as a living saint.
     Santiago Atitlan
24.     " __________________" is sacred incense.
     Copal
25.     What is "octavos"?
     a strongly fermented beverage
26.     What do people do with octavos?
     They rub it on their bodies and sprinkle it about the church as they pray to Maximon for his healing powers.
27.     The Easter Market is held on the __________________ before Easter.
     Wednesday
28.     Long spears carried by cucuruchos are called _____________ _________ ____________________ .
     lanzas de Cristo
29.     It is a tradition to remember ____________ loved ones during Holy Week.
     dead
30.     ___________________ fill the plaza.
     Vendors
31.     "Atole" is a ______________ drink.
     hot
32.     What does the Bishop do? What does this act symbolize?
     He washes the feet of twelve young men. It symbolizes Christ washing the feet of his disciples.
33.     In Antigua, the solemn procession of_________ _______________is perhaps the most dramatic.
     La Merced
34.     What do the two men bound to crossbars symbolize?
     the two thieves who were crucified with Christ
© Educational Video Network, Inc. 2005 - www.evndirect.com
Your leading source for curriculum-based educational videos and DVDs.