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Study Guide Answers

1.     What is a "monsoon"?
     A "monsoon" is a wind that changes direction with the seasons.
2.     Many tropical regions have a monsoon-type of climate. True or false?
3.     In what part of the world are monsoons most pronounced?
     on the Indian Subcontinent
4.     During what months do the winter monsoons affect the region named in #3?
     from late September through March
5.     Winter monsoons blow into the region named in #3 from what direction?
     from the north and the northeast
6.     Winter monsoon winds are heavy with moisture. True or false?
     false/ These winds are quite dry.
7.     Winter monsoon winds are warm. True or false?
     false/ Winter monsoon winds are cool.
8.     The winter monsoon season is the most pleasant time of the year. True or false?
9.     Which state's weather during the winter monsoon season is an exception to the rule?
     Tamil Nadu
10.     Where is this state located?
     southeastern India
11.     What body of water causes this exception of the rule to occur?
     the Bay of Bengal
12.     Usually the cool season is followed by a season of _______________________________________.
     intense heat
13.     How high does the temperature climb in late May?
     It climbs to 120 degrees.
14.     What is the name of India's sacred river?
     the Ganges
15.     What happens if heat and drought continue into late June?
     Ponds and tanks begin to dry out.
16.     What are "nomads"?
     "Nomads" are wanderers.
17.     School vacations coincide with the __________________ season.
18.     Where do well-off Indians go to escape the heat?
     They go to the mountains.
19.     If the rains are late, roadside ____________________________ appear.
20.     The summer monsoon brings ____________________, because it carries ____________________.
     rain/ moisture
21.     In what months does extremely hot air build up over the subcontinent?
     in May and June
22.     The hot air that has accumulated leads to the development of a(n) _________________________ area.
23.     What is the general direction of air flow during these months?
     The general direction is from southwest to northeast.
24.     What is the summer monsoon called?
     the "southwest monsoon"
25.     Relatively cool maritime air flows _________________________.
26.     Rain clouds form when water vapor ___________________________.
27.     Throughout most of India, all but a fraction of the entire annual rainfall occurs between what months?
     June and September
28.     Each year, the first drops of rain are greeted with ___________________________.
29.     Streams and rivers can become _______________________________ during the summer monsoons.
     muddy torrents
30.     Heavy seas make fishing ________________________________.
31.     Rice is a kind of ____________________.
32.     What is a "rice paddy"?
     A "rice paddy" is a small, embanked field where water can be impounded.
33.     What is sometimes used for the collection and storage of water?
     an artificial pond
34.     What happens when the rice grains ripen?
     The field is drained and the crop is harvested.
35.     That is "thrashing"?
     the separation of grain from chaff
36.     How are some millet crops thrashed?
     by passing traffic
37.     One of India's wettest regions faces the __________________ Sea.
38.     What are "lianas"?
     woody vines
39.     What animal is used to help people to harvest and process forest trees?
     the elephant
40.     What are some of India's valuable export crops?
     tea, pepper, and rubber
41.     How often do tea plants bloom?
     once a year
42.     Tea plantations are usually found at _____________________ elevations on _____________________ slopes.
     modest/ moist
43.     Rubber trees originally from _________________________ are grown in Kerala.
44.     Rubber trees produce a substance known as "________________________."
45.     How is excess moisture removed from latex?
     Rollers are used.
46.     What are coconut fibers called?
47.     What is made from coconut fibers?
48.     Cotton grows best where there is a long rainy season. True or false?
     false/ Cotton grows best where there is a long dry season.
49.     For how long has cotton been grown in India?
     at least 4,000 years
50.     What animal can survive for weeks without water?
     the camel
51.     Palaces were once built for __________________________.
© Educational Video Network, Inc. 2005 - www.evndirect.com
Your leading source for curriculum-based educational videos and DVDs.