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Study Guide Answers

1.     How many colors are on the palette?
     twelve colors, plus white
2.     The colors are arranged according to ___________________________________.
3.     "Hot" colors work best in what part of a painting?
     in the foreground
4.     "Warm" colors work well where?
     in the mid-ground of a painting
5.     "Cool" or "cold" colors are primarily used in what part of a painting?
     in the distance
6.     The color opposite yellow on the color wheel is ___________________________.
7.     The color opposite red on the color wheel is ______________________________.
8.     The color opposite blue on the color wheel is ____________________________.
9.     Yellow and violet are ____________________________________ colors.
10.     "____________________________" is used to thin your paint.
11.     "Loading the brush" allows you to do what?
     It lets you work on the entire painting without cleaning the brush.
12.     What kind of stroke is used in the sky?
     a cross-stroke
13.     Whenever you want to "shadow" a color, what do you do?
     Mix in some of its opposite ( its complementary color ).
14.     The "coolest" yellow is _____________________________________.
     raw umber
15.     What does a "scrubbing stroke" involve doing?
     pushing against the bristles counterclockwise
16.     Work from the _______________ground to the _____________________ground.
17.     Objects painted in"warm" colors appear to be _____________________ than objects painted in"cold" colors.
18.     Pull and jiggle the fan brush to make the water appear to___________________________.
19.     "___________________________" the fan brush will add a surface effect to the water.
20.     ______________________ the grassy area with the fan brush to make it look like a meadow.
21.     When one side of the brush contains dark paint, and the other side, light paint, the brush is said to be "___________________________________."
22.     Create leaves by using what part of the fan brush?
     the corner
23.     What effect should you strive to create when adding the leaves?
     an umbrella effect
24.     Where, on the painting, should you find the most texture?
     in the foreground
25.     Create the trunk of the palm tree by starting at the bottom of the trunk, and pulling your brush upward. True or false?
26.     What is the last thing that you should put on the painting?
     your name
27.     What products should you have on hand for cleaning your brushes?
     odorless petroleum distillant and paper towels
28.     What kind of brushstroke is used in the water? Why?
     a downstroke/ It elicits a "wet" response from the eye.
29.     What stroke is used for the clouds?
     the "corner jab"
30.     What does painting "wet-on-wet" mean?
     painting where some paint has already been laid down
31.     What is the ability to trick your eye with color called?
     aerial perspective
32.     The trees on the hills are painted one at a time. True or false?
33.     The various colors of paint in the brush gives the feeling of __________________________________.
     light bouncing around
34.     The ground is lit from the { bottom/ top ].
35.     What does your eye receive first?
     the "warm" colors in the foreground
36.     What does the "push-up stroke" do?
     It provides a nice, warm look.
37.     When making rocks, keep the dark side of the brush on top. True or false?
38.     A palette-knife is __________________________-shaped.
39.     What does gesso prevent?
     It prevents the paint from seeping into the cotton canvas.
40.     A script brush is good to use when adding _____________________________.
41.     Which part of a painting is worked on last?
     the foreground
42.     Opposite colors, when mixed, produce what color?
43.     The light around the moon is called a(n) "______________________________."
44.     "Burnt umber" is actually what color?
45.     The cooler the color, the [ farther away/ closer ] it looks to the eye.
     farther away
46.     "Fanning" the water makes the water _________________________________________.
     lie flat
47.     The fan brush lifts a little bit of ___________________________ off the paint.
48.     Be economical with brush strokes. True or false?
49.     What are the three types of perspective used by a painter?
     aerial, textural, linear
50.     How are the spruce trees and the snow on them created simultaneously?
     by using a double-loaded brush
51.     What color is used for the shadows in this painting?
52.     According to Susan Rogers Garden, ______________% of talent is desire.
53.     Clouds that are located over water are generally ____________________-bottomed.
54.     The color of the sun is determined by its proximity to the __________________________.
55.     ___________________________________ is a hot orange.
     Burnt sienna
56.     What is "reflected light"?
     light that bounces from one area into another
57.     As red moves away from the light, it turns ___________________________.
58.     Mixing red with green creates a(n) __________________________.
59.     "_______________________" colors, when combined, make a shadow.
60.     If you want to tone down violet, what color should you add to it?
61.     Use a [ dark/ light ] color to edge clouds.
62.     What color should be avoided if you want to achieve the effect of transparency?
63.     When water moves, there is a variation of "___________________" and "_____________________."
     lights/ darks
64.     A wave is a ____________________ of water.
65.     The secret to luminosity is playing a color against ____________________________________.
     its opposite
66.     How many colors can the human eye see?
     about 10,000
67.     The color of shadows is determined by the objects that cast the shadow. True or false?
68.     ____________________________ are the "opposite" color of the ground.
© Educational Video Network, Inc. 2005 - www.evndirect.com
Your leading source for curriculum-based educational videos and DVDs.