© Educational Video Network, Inc. 2005 - www.evndirect.com
Your leading source for curriculum-based educational videos and DVDs.
Order this item online today!

Study Guide Answers

1.     What are the three major periods of ancient Greek civilization?
     The Dark Age, The Archaic Age, The Golden Age
2.     Greek civilization reached its peak in the year 2,500 BC. True or False
     False
3.     Polytheism is the worship of only one god. True or False
     False
4.     Who was known as the god of wine and fertility?
     Dionysus
5.     What was the name of the earliest civilization of the Mediterranean Bronze Age?
     Minoan
6.     Which civilization blossomed on the Greek mainland between 1,500 and 1,100 BC?
     Mycenaean
7.     Define the word, polis.
     fort; city-state
8.     Define the word, acropolis.
     high city
9.     Define the word, agora.
     market or business district
10.     Define the word, pantheon.
     multiple deities
11.     Define a democracy, as the ancient Greeks envisioned it.
     A form of government in which all male citizens could participate.
12.     Who were the helots and the metics?
     The "Helots" were Sparta's large population of serfs. Their ancestors had been subjugated by the Dorians. There was a constant fear that the Helots would revolt. Athens had a class of free, non-citizens called "Metics."
13.     What was the religious significance of the island of Delos?
     It was the birthplace of Apollo and Artemis.
14.     Discuss the purpose of the Delian League.
     The purpose of the Delian League was to build and maintain a navy large enough to liberate Ionian city-states still under Persian control, and to guard against any future attack. It consisted of almost every Greek city-state that had a navy, and it grew strong and prosperous, as treasure accumulated on Delos.
15.     Discuss the competition between Athena and Poseidon for patronage of Athens. Why was Athena's gift considered to be more beneficial?
     Poseidon and Athena had to compete with gifts for the patronage of ancient Athens. Poseidon struck the Acropolis with his trident, and a fountain of seawater gushed from the rock. Athena won the contest with her gift of the olive tree, which the other gods judged to be of greater benefit to the people of Athens than the salty spring offered by her rival.
16.     The Peloponnesian Wars were fought primarily by what two city-states?
     Athens and Sparta
© Educational Video Network, Inc. 2005 - www.evndirect.com
Your leading source for curriculum-based educational videos and DVDs.