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Study Guide Answers

1.     Who was the U.S. President during the time of the Lewis and Clark Expedition?
     Thomas Jefferson
2.     How much did the U.S. pay for the Louisiana Purchase?
     $15 million
3.     Captain Merriwether Lewis served as _______________________ to the President. [ Treasurer/ Secretary/ Vice President ]
     Secretary
4.     Approximately how many men comprised the Corps of Discovery?
     30
5.     Lewis and Clark began their journey by going up the ____________________ River.
     Missouri
6.     Who was Scannon?
     Lewis's dog
7.     In the days before refrigeration, __________________ was an important commodity for travelers and traders.
     salt
8.     The Plains Indians were famous for their unique dwellings; what were these structures called?
     tipis ( teepees )
9.     Why were the Indians so intrigued by Clark's servant, York?
     He was the first Black man that most of them had ever seen.
10.     Where did the explorers spend their first winter?
     Fort Mandan, North Dakota
11.     What types of things did the men do to keep themselves busy during the long winter?
     hunting, visiting among themselves and with the Indians, gathering scientific information, updating journals, and etc.
12.     Who was Toussaint Charbonneau?
     an interpreter who was hired at Fort Mandan to continue westward with the expedition
13.     What was a "buffalo jump"?
     Indians, disguised as buffalo, stampeded buffalo over a cliff.
14.     What did Lewis call "the grandest sight I ever beheld"?
     the Great Falls
15.     The explorers traveled nearly 200 miles up the Missouri River before reaching its origin. True or false?
     false
16.     Lewis and Clark never reached the Continental Divide. True or false?
     false
17.     Sacajawea was the Indian wife of __________________________ .
     Toussaint Charbonneau
18.     Why were the Shoshone Indians so hospitable to the explorers?
     because their chief was the brother of Sacajawea
19.     As the expedition neared the Pacific coast, geographical conditions worsened and supplies depleted rapidly. True or false?
     true
20.     Fort Clatsop was named in honor of: a. a nearby mountain b. a friendly Indian tribe c. Lewis's dog
     b. a friendly Indian tribe
21.     What did the men do when their salt supply ran out near the Pacific coast?
     They built a salt-making camp.
22.     Why was the Pacific Northwest a "frustrating" place for the men?
     because of the heavy rainfall
23.     In what year did the Expedition begin its journey home?
     1806
24.     Briefly discuss the importance of the Columbia River to the people of the Pacific Northwest region.
     discussion
25.     The explorers were eventually able to cross the troublesome Bitterroot mountains with the help of the _______________ Indians.
     Nez Perce
26.     Why did Lewis and his men kill two Piegan Blackfoot Indians?
     The Indians had tried to steal weapons and horses from the expedition.
27.     What is the only remaining physical evidence of the expedition that still survives today?
     where Clark carved his name on Pompey's Pillar, in Montana
28.     What is the only remaining physical evidence of the expedition that still survives today?
     September 23, 1806
© Educational Video Network, Inc. 2005 - www.evndirect.com
Your leading source for curriculum-based educational videos and DVDs.