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Study Guide Answers

1.     Mexico is part of __________________   America.        a.  North      b.  Central       c.  South
     a.  North
2.     What is the capital of Mexico?
     Mexico City
3.     Which three factors are primarily responsible for Mexico's diverse landscape?
     high elevation, human activity, and location astride the Tropic of Cancer
4.     What type of vegetation is found in the Tierra Templada?
     lush, tropical vegetation (i.e., coconut, cacao, and banana trees)
5.     The lands of the Tierra Templada are also known as "the Lands of Eternal ______________ ."
     Spring
6.     Mexico City is located in the Tierra Fría.  True or false?
     true
7.     Briefly describe the Mexican Plateau.
     description
8.     The Sierra Madre Oriental borders the Mexican Plateau on the ______________  side.         a.  eastern       b.  western
     a.  eastern
9.     Where are most of Mexico's larger settlements located?
     near the U.S.-Mexican border
10.     Mexico's largest inland body of water is ___________________ .         a.  Lake Patzcuaro       b.  Lake Chapala       c.  Lake Texcoco
     b.  Lake Chapala
11.     The area of El Bajio is known for its _________________________________________ .
     fertile soils, agricultural community
12.     The Mesa del Norte has always been Mexico's most densely populated area.  True or false?
     false
13.     Before being conquered by the Spaniards, Tenochtitlan was the capital of what
     Aztec
14.     Veracruz is Mexico's principal ____________  .         a.  farming region      b.  metropolitan center      c.  port city
     c.  port city
15.     The Yucatán Peninsula is famous for the __________________  ruins, which still stand          there today.
     Mayan
16.     The majority of Mexico's population is considered to be young in comparison with the        populations of other countries.  True or false?
     true
17.     What is the approximate population of Mexico City?
     approximately 20 million
18.     Discuss how urbanization has affected Mexico.
     discussion
19.     The Olmec people, who lived nearly 2,000 years ago, developed an advanced civilization in Mexico based on ______________________ .
     agriculture
20.     Which war-like people ruled Mexico from the 10th to the 12th Centuries?
      the Toltecs
21.     What happened to the Aztecs, and ended their rule?
     they were conquered by the Spaniards
22.     During the Spanish Colonial Period, the Spaniards tried to convert Mexico's native Indians to _______________________ .
     Christianity
23.     When did Mexico achieve independence from Spain?
     early 1920s
24.     Conditions in Mexico vastly improved after Mexico gained independence from Spain. True or false?
     false
25.     When did the Mexican Revolution take place?  Discuss how it affected the lives of the Mexican people.
      1910, discussion
26.     Today, Spanish is the only language of Mexico.  True or false?
     false
27.     Describe several cultural differences that exist among the various regions of Mexico.
     description
28.     After completing school, the majority of Mexico's young people will live at home with their parents until they are married.  True or false?
     true
29.     Compare and contrast some of Mexico's Christmas traditions with those of the United States.
     discussion
30.     What is the "Día de los Muertos"?
     the Day of the Dead
© Educational Video Network, Inc. 2005 - www.evndirect.com
Your leading source for curriculum-based educational videos and DVDs.