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Study Guide Answers

1.     The food that you eat helps to determine how healthy you are. True or false?
     true
2.     Fat, sugar, and sodium are often used as ____________________________ , to increase shelf-life.
     preservatives
3.     There are _____________________ different kinds of dietary fat.
     three
4.     There are _______________ different kinds of cholesterol.
     two
5.     The "good" cholesterol is: a.) high-density lipoprotein c.) mid-density lipoprotein b.) low-density lipoprotein d.) super-density lipoprotein
     a.) high-density lipoprotein
6.     On the whole, plant oils are __________________________ [safer/more dangerous] than animal fat.
     safer
7.     Most processed foods contain little in the way of fats, salts, and sugars, because these ingredients have been eliminated in the processing. True or false?
     false
8.     The foundation of a healthy diet should come from: a.) fats, oils, and sugars b.) meats c.) vegetables d.) fruit e.) grains
     e.) grains
9.     Lean meat is ___________________ [more/less] tender than marbled meat is.
     less
10.     What is the most complete source of protein?
     the egg
11.     Though often high in fat content, dairy products are essential to a diet because they contain ________________________ .
     calcium
12.     Foods with high calorie and low nutrition levels are said to contain _________________ calories.
     empty
13.     How many grams of sugar are there in one teaspoon?
     four
14.     The average American consumes about six times more than the recommended daily intake of sodium. True or false?
     true
15.     What two ingredients are most often added in food processing to preserve or enhance flavor?
     sugar and sodium
16.     You should limit your fat intake to ____________ percent of your daily calories.
     30
17.     How does your diet compare to a healthy diet in terms of fat, sugar, and sodium intake?
     Answers will vary.
18.     Name three grains.
     wheat, rice, corn, barley, rye, oats, and etc.
19.     Another name for complex carbohydrates is "_____________________________ ."
     starches
20.     Enriched flour is better for you than whole grain flour. True or false?
     false
21.     The farther any food is taken from its raw state, the __________________ [more/less] nutritional value it will have.
     less
22.     Grains are considered to be _____________________ [complete/incomplete] proteins.
     incomplete
23.     Natural fructose in fruit is treated differently than synthetic fructose in soft drinks when they are processed by the body. True or false?
     true
24.     Vitamins in pill form have the same effect on the body as do the vitamins in foods. True or false?
     true
25.     A healthy diet would include at least ________________ helpings per day from the fruit and vegetable groups.
     five
26.     Food advertisements should be accepted as true without investigation because the companies would be charged with false advertising if they were not true. True or false?
     false
27.     Unprocessed foods are ____________________ [more/less] expensive than processed foods.
     less
28.     "Natural" and "organic" foods are guaranteed to be healthy. True or false?
     false
© Educational Video Network, Inc. 2005 - www.evndirect.com
Your leading source for curriculum-based educational videos and DVDs.