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Study Guide Answers

1.     Who led the Spanish conquest of the Aztecs in the 16th Century?
     Hernán Cortes
2.     Along with the Spanish conquest came the introduction of __________________________ to the people of Mexico.
     Christianity
3.     What are posadas and how did they originate?
     processions that re-enact Joseph's and Mary's journey into Bethlehem; originated as a teaching method for Spanish priests as they taught Indians about the Bible.
4.     Christmas in Mexico is called ________ ______________________ , meaning "the nativity."
     La Navidad
5.     To what do the misterios refer?
     the central part of the nativity scene, which includes the holy family.
6.     Although many customs and traditions are shared throughout the country, each region of Mexico celebrates Christmas in a unique way. True or false?
     true
7.     Briefly describe what one might find in some of the Mexican markets during the Christmas season.
     discussion
8.     The scarlet poinsettia is a native plant of the western United States and was only recently adopted by Mexico. True or false?
     false
9.     A true piñata is crafted by using a large clay pot. True or false?
     true
10.     What do the piñata and the person attempting to break it open represent?
     The piñata represents Satan, while the person trying to break it represents blind faith.
11.     In the last weeks of December, traditional plays called _______________________ are performed throughout Mexico.
     pastorelas
12.     What is the common theme of pastorelas?
     good v. evil
13.     The predominant religion of Mexico is the [Methodist/ Jewish/ Roman Catholic/ Episcopalian] religion.
     Roman Catholic
14.     As times have changed, Christmas Eve mass has come to have less and less significance in the lives of the Mexican people. True or false?
     false
15.     What is the importance of January 6th?
     It is Epiphany, the traditional date of the Three Kings' arrival in Bethlehem.
16.     Many families wait to open their Christmas gifts until Epiphany. True or false?
     true
17.     What do Mexicans eat for good luck on New Year's Eve?
     twelve grapes
18.     Compare and contrast the Christmas traditions of the United States with those of Mexico.
     discussion
© Educational Video Network, Inc. 2005 - www.evndirect.com
Your leading source for curriculum-based educational videos and DVDs.