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Study Guide Answers

1.     There are many different kinds of Latin music. True or false?
     true
2.     What were the two major influences on Latin music? Of these two influences, which was the strongest?
     European and African music/ African influence
3.     Most slaves were taken from [western/ eastern] Africa.
     western
4.     African music is ________________________ and ___________________________.
     oral/ aural
5.     What are the three characteristics of African music that have been incorporated in Latin music?
     polyrhythms/ call and response/ improvisation
6.     "Polyrhythms" means "_________________________________________________________."
     many different rhythms
7.     What is "call and response"?
     One person plays something, which is then imitated by another player in response.
8.     What is "improvisation"?
     making something up on the spur of the moment: spontaneous composition
9.     What musical genre is based upon improvisation?
     jazz
10.     What are claves?
     cylindrical instruments of polished wood (or other hard material) - the clave sets the rhythmical pattern - it's the "key"
11.     Popular music tends to have an emphasis on "__________________ and ______________________."
     two/ four
12.     How are the congas played?
     They are slapped with the hand.
13.     What are timbales?
     They are small, metal drums, with attached cowbells.
14.     Bongos are [small/ large].
     small
15.     What two instruments are shaken?
     chekeres and maracas
16.     A giro has many ________________________________.
     grooves
17.     What popular musician incorporated the "cha-cha" groove into his music?
     Carlos Santana
18.     When was the "drum set" incorporated into Latin music?
     in the late 1960s and early 1970s
19.     What parts of the body are used to play the "drum set"?
     the hands and the feet
20.     The piano is a(n) _____________________________________ instrument.
     percussion
21.     The bass often plays on the ______________________________beat.
     down
22.     The bass was incorporated in Latin music in the _________________ Century.
     20th
23.     The bass has to play a(n) _________________________________ line.
     anticipated
24.     What is the "father" of all the Latin rhythms?
     the "son"
25.     Who was the creator of the son montuno?
     Arsenio Rodriguez
26.     What style was completely a "percussion groove"?
      rumba
27.     What Latin style was popular from the late 1940s through the early 1950s?
     mambo
28.     Who created the mambo?
     Israel "Cachao" Lopez
29.     All of the Latin "grooves" are sometimes "lumped" together under the name, "___________________."
     salsa
30.     What "groove" has been very popular in the last twenty or thirty years?
     the merengue
31.     What drum is double-headed?
     the tumbadora
32.     Who were the creators of "Latin jazz"?
     Chano Pozo and Dizzy Gillespie
© Educational Video Network, Inc. 2005 - www.evndirect.com
Your leading source for curriculum-based educational videos and DVDs.