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Study Guide Answers

1.     Romulus killed his twin brother, _____________________, and became the first king of Rome.
2.     The traditional date of the founding of Rome is ________________.
     753 B.C.
3.     The rich and powerful neighbors to the south of early Rome were colonists of what nationality?
4.     Rome's northern neighbors, who ruled them for many years, were the ___________________.
5.     The [plebians/ patricians] controlled the early republic and always had the greater amount of influence on Roman policies.
6.     The "Lapis Niger Stone" in the Roman Forum is an early example of a written __________________.
7.     Hannibal led armies against Rome from the rival city of ______________________.
8.     __________________defeated Hannibal at the Battle of Zama in 202 B.C.
9.     Roman conquests were [beneficial/harmful] to the Roman economic system that made the conquests possible.
10.     The Roman army was organized according to______________________. a.) phalanxes b.) hoplites c.) wedges d.) legions
     d.) legions
11.     The reformer who hoped to redistribute Roman lands to impoverished citizens was _______________. a.) Tiberius Gracchus b.) Scipio c.) Marius d.) Pompey
     a.) Tiberius Gracchus
12.     Julius Caesar conquered the _______________. a.) Etruscans b.) Greeks c.) Gauls d.) Macedonians
     c.) Gauls
13.     Julius Caesar initiated a Roman civil war by crossing what river?
     the Rubicon
14.     Caesar's rival in the civil war was _________________.
15.     After the assassination of Julius Caesar, Cleopatra allied herself with ______________. a.) Pompey b.) Octavian c.) Mark Antony d.) Cicero
     c.) Mark Antony
16.     Who, under the name of Augustus Caesar, is regarded as being the first emperor of the Roman Empire?
17.     Augustus retained several republican institutions, but consolidated the real power within his own hands. True or false?
18.     Virgil was a _____________. a.) poet b.) senator c.) general d.) gladiator
     a.) poet
19.     The economic life of Rome was centered in its ________________.
20.     The general who seized the throne and established the Flavian Dynasty was __________________. a.) Titus b.) Nerva c.) Vespasian d.) Nero
     c.) Vespasian
21.     Rome reached its greatest territorial extent under ___________________ . a.) Hadrian b.) Nerva c.) Marcus Aurelius d.) Trajan
     d.) Trajan
22.     Which emperor was also a philosopher?
     Marcus Aurelius
23.     ___________________tribesmen were the main threat on the northern border of the Roman Empire. a.) Slavic b.) Germanic c.) Celtic d.) Parthian
     b.) Germanic
24.     The Carthaginian-born general who wrested control of the Empire from other generals in the Second Century was _______________. a.) Commodus b.) Diocletian c.) Julian d.) Septimus Severus
     d.) Septimus Severus
25.     During one fifty-year period, twenty-five men who had been proclaimed emperor suffered violent deaths. True or false?
26.     Which Roman emperor introduced the governmental system of tetrachs and proclaimed a heriditary freeze on changing occupations?
27.     The first Roman emperor to accept Christianity was ______________. a.) Julian b.) Constantine c.) Diocletian d.) Nero
     b.) Constantine
28.     Aside from Rome, which city also served as capital of the Empire, especially in later years when the empire was divided between eastern and western territories?
29.     Pressure from advancing Germanic tribes forced the Huns to cross Roman boundaries. True or False?
30.     The usual date given for the collapse of the Roman Empire is _______________.
     476 A.D.
31.     The Eastern Roman Empire fell shortly after the empire in the West was destroyed. True or false?
32.     What were some of the legacies of the Roman Empire?
     Various responses will be given.
33.     The political and cultural center of the Roman world was the ____________ ___________________.
     Roman Forum
34.     The main street of ancient Rome, which connected the principal public and religious buildings of the street was called _______________. a.) Main Street b.) the Forum Way c.) the Sacred Way d.) the Broad Way
     c.) the Sacred Wsy
35.     The Via Appia connected Rome with _________. a.) northeastern Italy b.) southern Italy c.) northwestern Italy d.) Etruria
     b.) southern Italy
36.     Pompeii was destroyed in 79 A.D. by the eruption of ______________.
     Mount Vesuvius
37.     The former metropolis of southern Italy, which fought with Carthage against Rome was _________. a.) Pompeii b.) Capua c.) Benevento d.) Ostia
     b.) Capua
38.     Hannibal achieved his greatest victory over the Romans in 216 B.C. at the Battle of _________. a.) Apulia b.) Benevento c.) Cannae d.) Dacia
     c.) Cannae
39.     The Roman imperial seaport was located at ______________. a.) Pompeii b.) Ostia c.) Capua d.) Cannae
     b.) Ostia
40.     After destroying their ancient rival, Carthage, the Romans built another city on the same site. True or false?
41.     Hadrian's Arch in Greece and Hadrian's Wall in Britain were once located in the same country. True or false?
     true ( the Roman Empire )
42.     All Roman Emperors had to be born in Rome. True or false?
43.     Settlements of retired _____________ were used to Romanize the Empire and to provide a stable, unified state.
44.     Julius Caesar conquered the ____________ and secured Roman control over what is now France. a.) Etruscans b.) Greeks c.) Gauls d.) Macedonians
     c.) Gauls
45.     Roman legions tried to keep the Germanic tribes on which side of the Rhine River?
46.     The earliest of Rome's non-Italian provinces was _______________.
47.     Probably because it was a remote, frontier province, most of the Roman ruins in Britain are __________________ in nature.
© Educational Video Network, Inc. 2005 - www.evndirect.com
Your leading source for curriculum-based educational videos and DVDs.