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Study Guide Answers

1.     What are nutrients? _______________________________________________________________
     the substances within foods that the body uses to build and maintain body tissues, regulate body processes, and supply energy
2.     Which nutrients are found in each major food group? a.) Grain: b.) Vegetables: c.) Fruit: d.) Dairy: e.) Meat:
     a.) complex carbohydrates b.) vitamins, minerals, and carbohydrates c.) vitamins d.) calcium, protein, and fat e.) protein and fat
3.     What is the difference between simple and complex carbohydrates? ________________________
     Simple carbohydrates are found in all sugars and provide only a quick energy boost, with no other health benefits. Complex carbohydrates give you long-term energy, as well as helpful vitamins and minerals.
4.     What is protein? ________________________________________________________________
     the building block of every cell in the body; builds blood and helps to form antibodies to fight infection
5.     What is fat? ____________________________________________________________________
     a necessary nutrient needed for storing vitamins, cushioning vital organs, and maintaining hormonal balance
6.     What are vitamins? ______________________________________________________________
     nutrients that help the body convert food into energy and body tissues
7.     What are minerals? ______________________________________________________________
     nutrients needed for maintaining body processes and cell composition
© Educational Video Network, Inc. 2005 - www.evndirect.com
Your leading source for curriculum-based educational videos and DVDs.