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Study Guide Answers

1.     What is "snuff"?
     "Snuff" is finely-ground tobacco that's packaged dry, moist, or in sachet-like pouches that resemble tea bags.
2.     Which smokeless tobacco product is more widely used in Great Britain than it is in the U.S.?
     dry snuff
3.     Chewing tobacco is sold in what forms?
     "loose leaf," "plug," or "twist" forms
4.     Smokeless tobaccos are sometimes called "_____________________," because a mixture of saliva and tobacco juice that is not swallowed builds up in the mouth.
     spit
5.     All tobacco contains the addictive drug, _________________________.
     nicotine
6.     A total of ____________________ carcinogens, or ________________________________ agents, have been found in chewing tobacco and snuff.
     28/ cancer-causing
7.     What are "TSNAs"?
     tobacco-specific nitrosamines ( carcinogens )
8.     The amount of nicotine in one dip of smokeless tobacco can be up to _________________times as great as the nicotine in one cigarette.
     four
9.     A person who dips or chews 8 to 10 times per day will get the same amount of nicotine as a person who smokes between ______________ and ______________ cigarettes.
     thirty/ forty
10.     What happens when the sugar in smokeless tobacco combines with plaque?
     Acids form that corrode tooth enamel and painful tooth decay results.
11.     Gums may ___________________, causing teeth to fall out.
     recede
12.     When nicotine is introduced into the body, what happens to heart rate and blood pressure?
     Both rise significantly within five minutes.
13.     A person who uses smokeless tobacco _____________________ his risk of dying from cardiovascular disease.
     doubles
14.     What causes the lining of the mouth to become irritated?
     the constant contact with tobacco juices
15.     What is "leukoplakia"?
     white, wrinkled, leathery patches in the mouth
16.     What percentage of smokeless tobacco users have oral lesions?
     between 60 and 78 percent
17.     Where will most cancers that result from smokeless tobacco occur?
     at the site where the tobacco has been held in the mouth
18.     List the warning signs of oral cancer.
     red or white patch that doesn't go away/ persistent swelling/ sore that bleeds easily and won't heal/ lump in the mouth or neck/ trouble chewing or swallowing/trouble moving the tongue or jaw
19.     The use of smokeless tobacco in the United States has decreased since 1970. True or false?
     false/ It has tripled.
20.     More than ___________ of all male high school seniors have tried a smokeless tobacco product at least once.
     half
21.     How many of these male students dip regularly?
     one-third
22.     How much do tobacco companies spend annually on advertising that's designed to convince young men to "dip"?
     $127 million dollars
23.     How does the use of smokeless tobacco make a person seem less attractive?
     yellowed teeth/ bad breath/ bulging cheek/ need to spit
24.     What steps should you take when you decide to quit using smokeless tobacco?
     Mark the calendar. Tell your friends that you're going to be quitting. Ask your friends not to tempt you to use smokeless tobacco after your quitting date arrives. Buy some nicotine gum or ask your doctor to prescribe a nicotine patch or pills. Have some hard candies and salty snacks on hand.
25.     A(n) _____________________ can keep you motivated to quit and to stay away from tobacco.
     reward
26.     What should you do if you relapse and use smokeless tobacco?
     Don't give up. . .try to quit again.
© Educational Video Network, Inc. 2005 - www.evndirect.com
Your leading source for curriculum-based educational videos and DVDs.