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Study Guide Answers

1.     Important decisions should not be made by ______________________________.
     default
2.     Everything that you do is the result of what?
     Everything that you do is the result of some decision that you've made.
3.     What can serve as a guide for figuring out which alternatives support your long-term plans?
     your goals
4.     Decisions are _________________________ to one another on a path toward an ultimate goal.
     linked
5.     Decision-making is a(n) ___________________________ whereby a person identifies goals and considers alternatives.
     process
6.     Long-term gains may mean _________________________________________________.
     short-term sacrifices
7.     Step #1: Be able to ___________________________ the decision that must be made.
     articulate
8.     Into what three categories do decisions generally fall?
     conditional decisions/ yes-or-no decisions/ menu decisions
9.     Conditional decisions can't be put into effect until what happens?
     until a particular condition is met
10.     What do yes-or-no decisions involve?
     whether or not to do something
11.     What do menu decisions involve?
     selecting a course of action to take from a list of possibilities
12.     Step #2: Identify all _________________________________________________.
     possible alternatives
13.     During step #2, it's important to do _________________________.
     research
14.     Step #3: ______________________________ each alternative.
     Analyze
15.     What famous American devised a system for making a decision more than two hundred years ago?
     Benjamin Franklin
16.     In the system referred to in #15, what is each alternative assigned?
     a weighted number
17.     Step #4: ___________________________________ alternatives.
     Eliminate
18.     What should you try to visualize?
     the outcome of each alternative
19.     Remove from your list any alternatives that conflict with __________________________________.
     your value system
20.     Step #5: Accept ____________________________________.
     your decision
21.     Let go of ________________________________________________________.
     options that you decided against
22.     Step #6: __________________________________________ your decision.
     Act upon
23.     Follow through and take steps to ______________________________________ your decision.
     implement
24.     Step #7: _______________________________________ your decision.
     Evaluate
25.     In a high-stress situation, the pressure may be on you to ___________________________________.
     make a decision in a hurry
26.     Really consider all available __________________________________.
     information
27.     When there is too little information, we can experience "___________________________________."
     decision paralysis
28.     What is "selective information-gathering"?
     paying attention only to information that backs up preconceived ideas
29.     Superfluous information results in __________________________________________.
     memory overload
30.     Keep the input of others ________________________________________________.
     in perspective
31.     Nearly all decisions result from _____________________________________.
     prior decisions
32.     How do procrastinators act when there's a decision to be made?
     They put it off to some unspecified future time.
33.     How does wishful thinking hamper good decision-making?
     It causes people to believe that a wished-for outcome will be the result of a particular alternative, even when that outcome is highly improbable.
© Educational Video Network, Inc. 2005 - www.evndirect.com
Your leading source for curriculum-based educational videos and DVDs.