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Study Guide Questions

1.     The cell is defined as the ___________________________________ of all living matter.
2.     Bacteria are considered to be _____________________ -___________________ organisms.
3.     Humans are considered to be ___________________________________ organisms.
4.     Which of the following are considered to be the two basic types of cells? a.) plant and animal b.) bacterial and animal c.) prokaryotic and eukaryotic d.) single-celled and multicellular
5.     Unique to the prokaryotic cell is what feature? a.) ribosomes b.) cell membrane c.) capsule
6.     The cell membrane is mainly composed of what type of molecules? a.) phospholipids b.) hydrophobic c.) carbohydrates d.) proteins
7.     Endocytosis is a process in which a cell ____________ a food particle. a.) engulfs b.) excretes c.) packages d.) converts
8.     The cytoplasm of a eukaryotic animal cell is composed mainly of water, but it also contains which of these particles? a.) DNA b.) fats, proteins, sugars c.) vacuoles d.) ribosomes
9.     The word "organelle" literally means which of the following? a.) little factory b.) little worker c.) little organ d.) little unit
10.     Which organelle is the site of protein synthesis? a.) nucleus b.) endoplasmic reticulum c.) DNA d.) ribosome
11.     The mitochondria is the major ___________________________________ of the animal cell.
12.     The nuclear membrane of the nucleus is dotted with ______________________ that allow certain molecules to pass into and out of the nucleus.
13.     Plants are multi-cellular organisms composed of _______________________________ cells.
14.     ________________________________________ generate energy for the plant.
15.     The green pigment in a plant cell is called "_____________________________________ ."
16.     The main distinguishing feature that differentiates prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells is that the prokaryotes do not have a(n) ____________________ -________________ nucleus.
17.     Similarities in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells are manifested by the presence of _______________________ and ______________ ______________ .
© Educational Video Network, Inc. 2005 - www.evndirect.com
Your leading source for curriculum-based educational videos and DVDs.