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Study Guide Questions

1.     What is the climate like in the part of Mexico that is below 3,000 feet?
2.     Where, in Mexico, is the climate temperate?
3.     Where, in Mexico, is the weather always cool?
4.     What is the tallest of Mexico's volcanoes? How high is it?
5.     According to legend, what is an Indian prince, transformed into a mountain?
6.     The ancient prophets of Mexico described ____________________________ great periods of time.
7.     How does each of these periods (referred to in #6) end?
8.     Who were Mexico's earliest inhabitants?
9.     How did the people (named in #8) get to the Americas?
10.     How long ago did primitive people arrive in Mexico?
11.     When did Mexico's climate become hotter and drier?
12.     People learned to weave plant fiber into ________________________, _______________________,and ___________________________________.
13.     During what period did native Mexicans begin to experiment with the cultivation of plants?
14.     Dogs served what purpose during the period of time named in #13 (above)?
15.     By when were many Mexicans living in small farming villages?
16.     The "Formative Period" is marked by evidence of what two things?
17.     What was the most important food crop of "The Formative Period"?
18.     What developed to explain the origins of the vital food source named in #17 (above)?
19.     Maize is descended from a wild ___________________________________.
20.     Flat corn cakes are called "______________________________."
21.     What other crops were cultivated?
22.     Chiles provided vitamin __________________.
23.     In what regions were maguey thorns used as needles?
24.     For what was the juice of the maguey used?
25.     What was an important source of meat?
26.     Small pottery figures of ____________________________ were often buried with villagers.
27.     When was Mexico's oldest complex civilization created?
28.     What was the civilization referred to in #27 (above)?
29.     Where did the people of this civilization live and thrive?
30.     What animal served as an important religious symbol for the people of this civilization?
31.     Where have three important ceremonial centers of this civilization been found?
32.     Where was stone quarried for this civilization's elaborately carved monuments?
33.     Physical features of the Olmecs appear to be similar to the physical features of what other people?
34.     What place may have been an Olmec frontier outpost?
35.     How is this region different from the Olmec homeland?
36.     In addition to mathematics, the Olmecs appear to have developed the New World's first _________________________________ and __________________________ writing.
37.     Olmec-influenced settlements grew in the Valley of ______________________________.
38.     Where was ancient Mexico's first true city? When did it come into existence?
39.     The people of today's Oaxaca Valley are ____________________________________.
40.     The people of Monte Alban had a(n) _______________________-year calendar cycle.
41.     For what was "Building J" probably used?
42.     Rulers of Monte Alban were in contact with residents of what other city-state?
43.     In what region of Mexico was this other city-state?
44.     Teotihuacán achieved dominance over the Valley of _________________________.
45.     Teotihuacán is the location of the famous Pyramid of the ________________________.
46.     Teotihuacán was at an intersection of ancient _________________________________________.
47.     What were the artificial islands used for farming, which were built in lakes?
48.     What was found in a cave that's covered by the Pyramid of the Sun?
49.     When was Teotihuacán destroyed?
50.     When did the Spanish conquerors arrive in Mexico?
51.     What indigenous civilization was in power at the time of the Spanish conquest?
© Educational Video Network, Inc. 2005 - www.evndirect.com
Your leading source for curriculum-based educational videos and DVDs.