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Study Guide Answers

1.     The most significant agent of shoreline erosion and deposition is called ________________ ____________________.
     wave action
2.     The causative factor of the vast majority of waves is ______________________.
     wind
3.     Deep water waves in which water particles actually show ery little forward displacement is called _________________ ____ ______________________.
     waves of oscillation
4.     The high point of a wave in open water is called the __________________.
     crest
5.     The distance from one high point of a wave to the next is called the _________________ ________________________.
     wave length
6.     The _______________________ is the low point of a wave.
     trough
7.     The vertical distance from the high point of a wave to the nextis the ______________ _____________________.
     wave height
8.     Waves raised by the wind blowing across the water surface are called ____________________ ____________________, or _____________________.
     forced waves/sea
9.     ____________________ ________ _________________________ are waves nearing the shore, where there is a significant forward movement of water particles.
     waves of translation
10.     ___________________ are waves crashing near or on the surface.
     Breakers
11.     The ___________________ ___________________ is the area from the outermost breakers to the beach.
     surf zone
12.     _____________________ _________________________ is the tendency of waves to bend as they approach the shore.
     Wave refraction
13.     Deep notches extending into a cliff face are called ___________ _____________________.
     sea caves
14.     A ________________-_____________ ___________________ is the abrasion platform beneath a sea cliff, which is composed of material eroded from the cliff.
     wave-cut bench
15.     Large, detached remnants of headlands that were slower to erode than other material in the headland are called ______________ ___________________ or __________ ______________.
     haystack rocks/sea stacks
16.     _____________ _____________________ are the formations resulting from waves cutting copletely through headlands.
     Sea arches
17.     Ice-carved coastal indentations are called _____________.
     fjords
© Educational Video Network, Inc. 2005 - www.evndirect.com
Your leading source for curriculum-based educational videos and DVDs.