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Study Guide Answers

1.     The earliest people of Great Britain to develop a written literature were the: a. Romans b. Jutes c. Celts d. Danes e. Normans
     c. Celts
2.     Who was the first Roman to attack Great Britain?
     Julius Cęsar
3.     Not having a written language prevented the Anglo-Saxons from having a literary tradition. True or false?
4.     Which English monk is responsible for the Latin history of early England? a. Godric b. Bede c. Cynewulf d. Cędmon
     b. Bede
5.     Who was the first-identified Old English poet?
6.     What is the great epic of the Anglo-Saxons?
7.     Who was the great Old English religious poet, noted for "Elene," "Juliana," and other poems?
8.     Which Wessex king stopped the Danish invasion and encouraged the development of Old English literature and literacy?
     Alfred the Great
9.     Who brought the curtain down on the era of Old English literature?
     William the Conqueror
10.     What language and culture gained ascendancy under the early Norman rulers of England?
11.     What are the two oldest universities in England?
     Oxford and Cambridge
12.     Who was the first English historian to recall the glorious exploits of King Arthur? a. Bede b. Geoffrey of Monmouth c. Cynewulf d. Oswic of Wessex
     b. Geoffrey of Monmouth
13.     What were the holiday plays of medieval England?
     mummers' plays
14.     Which English folk hero was immortalized in numerous ballads as the ally of the poor in their struggle against their noble oppressors?
     Robin Hood
15.     The author of Sir Gawain and the Green Knight is also considered to be the author of: a. The Brut b. The Vision of Piers Plowman c. The Pearl d. Roman de la Rose
     c. The Pearl
16.     Who is generally recognized as the greatest Middle English poet?
     Geoffrey Chaucer
17.     What is this great poet's most famous work?
     The Canterbury Tales
18.     What revolutionary device did William Caxton introduce to England in 1477?
     printing press
19.     The mystery and morality plays were performed by whom?
     trade guild members
20.     Which of the Old or Middle English authors or works speaks most directly to you? Explain.
     answers will vary
21.     Where, in Italy, did the Renaissance get most of its support?
22.     What are the two classical languages and cultures of Western Europe?
     Greek and Latin
23.     As Christian Renaissance scholars discovered the classical world's belief in the dignity and in the responsibility of people, they developed an overall philosophy. What was this philosophy called?
24.     The English scholars who elevated reason above blind belief and advocated education as a way to improve all life were known as the: a. Eton Reformers b. Oxford Reformers c. Cambridge Reformers d. Oxbridge RefoThe E
     b. Oxford Reformers
25.     What German monk started the Reformation?
     Martin Luther
26.     Which English monarch led his country into Protestantism?
     Henry VIII
27.     What verse form from Italy did Sir Thomas Wyatt introduce into English poetry?
     the sonnet
28.     The most famous collection of early Renaissance poetry was Songs and Sonnets,which is also known as ________________________________ .
     Tottel's Miscellany
29.     The best of the courtier authors and the patron of many poorer writers of the Elizabethan Age was________________________________________ .
     Sir Philip Sidney
30.     Author of The Shepherd's Calendar,The Faerie Queen, a sonnet cycle, and two beautiful wedding songs, which Elizabethan poet is known as the "poet's poet"?
     Edmund Spenser
31.     Before the first theaters were built, where were many Elizabethan plays performed?
     courtyards of inns
32.     Which playwright made blank verse the standard for Elizabethan drama?
     Christopher Marlowe
33.     Who was the dramatic character who sold his soul to the devil in exchange for knowledge and power?
     Dr. Faustus
34.     Shakespeare's first group of plays, which are about English kings, are referred to as what?
     history plays
35.     Is Twelfth Night a comedy or a tragedy?
36.     Which Shakespearean romance takes place upon an enchanted island?
     The Tempest
37.     Shakespeare's writing output was limited to his plays. True or false?
38.     Where did the "Sons of Ben" meet for their informal discussions of poetry?
     London taverns
39.     Who translated the Bible into the English language--and was executed as his reward?
     William Tyndale
40.     Which of the Renaissance or Reformation authors or works speaks most directly to you? Explain.
     answers will vary
41.     What group of Protestants wanted to further simplify the Church of England's rituals?
42.     Who was the king when The Authorized Version of the Holy Bible was translated?
     James I
43.     According to John Donne, why should you not ask for whom the funeral bells toll?
     they toll for thee
44.     What is another name for the style of poetry practiced by the "School of Donne?"
45.     Name a Seventeenth Century poet who was influenced by Donne's style.
     George Herbert or Henry Vaughan
46.     Name the most famous pair of English dramatic collaborators.
     Beaumont and Fletcher
47.     Who was the great religious poet of the Puritan cause?
     John Milton
48.     Who was the political leader of the Puritans?
     Oliver Cromwell
49.     In the years of the Civil War, who was opposed to the Puritans in both politics and art?
50.     Which Royalist poet was not a swashbuckling soldier, but the vicar of a small parish church in Devonshire?
     Robert Herrick
51.     Who was the itinerant preacher who wrote the popular best seller, The Pilgrim's Progress?
     John Bunyan
52.     What was the name of the country upon the unification of England and Scotland?
     Great Britain
53.     "To err is human; to forgive divine" was written by which Augustan poet?
     Alexander Pope
54.     What is Jonathan Swift's most famous satire on human folly?
     Gulliver's Travels
55.     Who wrote Tom Jones and Joseph Andrews?
     Henry Fielding
56.     Who was the literary dictator of mid-century London coffeehouses?
     Samuel Johnson
57.     Which poet, who foreshadowed the Romantics, was also a talented artist and religious mystic?
     William Blake
58.     Robert Burns wrote many poems in the dialect of his land--what land was it?
59.     Who wrote The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire?
     Edward Gibbon
60.     Which of the Jacobean or Neoclassical authors or works speaks most directly to you? Explain.
     answers will vary
61.     Near the beginning of the 19th Century, trends in England toward individualism, democracy, and humanitarian reforms combined with efforts to escape the harsh realities of what overall movement?
     Romantic Movement
62.     Who wrote lyrical ballads?
     Wordsworth and Coleridge
63.     Whose poetic autobiography was titled The Prelude?
     William Wordsworth
64.     According to Coleridge, who lived in Xanadu?
     Kubla Khan
65.     What country did many of the later Romantic poets call home, after they left England?
66.     Which British poet died fighting for Greek independence?
     Lord Byron
67.     Which British poet drowned when his boat capsized during a storm?
     Percy Shelley
68.     "A thing of beauty is a joy forever" was written by whom?
     John Keats
69.     Which Romantic novelist specialized in historical novels featuring swashbuckling heroes?
     Sir Walter Scott
70.     The Victorian Age has been called The Golden Age of _____________________ .
71.     Who used his writing to call attention to the conditions of the lower strata of English society?
     Charles Dickens
72.     Which Victorian poet wrote In Memoriam and The Idylls of the King?
     Alfred Lord Tennyson
73.     Who used dramatic monologues to reveal the innermost thoughts of his characters?
     Robert Browning
74.     Who wrote On the Origins of the Species by Means of Natural Selection?
     Charles Darwin
75.     Whose translation of The Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam has been popular for nearly 150 years?
     Edward Fitzgerald
76.     Who was the fatalistic pessimist who brought more realism to the Victorian novel?
     Thomas Hardy
77.     Which 20th Century dramatist used his plays as a vehicle for his philosophical beliefs?
     George Bernard Shaw
78.     Who converted the themes of The Odyssey into a 24-hour tour of Dublin?
     James Joyce
79.     Who was the great Welsh poet who revitalized English literature in the 20th Century?
     Dylan Thomas
80.     Which of the Romantic, Victorian, or 20th Century authors or works speaks most directly to you? Explain.
     answers will vary
© Educational Video Network, Inc. 2005 - www.evndirect.com
Your leading source for curriculum-based educational videos and DVDs.