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Study Guide Answers

1.     What factors contribute to the fact that the teenage years are so tumultuous?
     rising hormonal levels/ changing bodies/ emotional fluctuations
2.     What things should you do to aid your personal development?
     Examine your strengths and abilities./ Build your self-esteem./ Establish your goals.
3.     Describe a person who has good self-esteem.
     He/She believes in himself/herself and feels good about himself/herself.
4.     A person who is "self-aware" is able to ___________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________.
     understand his/her own feelings, experiences, and actions and communicate them to others
5.     What is "self-direction"?
     the ability to set goals and to work to achieve those goals
6.     Why is it so important for young mothers to complete their educations?
     It will enable them to land better jobs and to provide a better life for themselves and for their children.
7.     Doctors' fees for delivering babies usually include _____________________________ care.
8.     What kinds of activities can harm an unborn baby?
     drinking alcohol, smoking cigarettes, or using other drugs
9.     What things will aid you in managing your stress?
     networking/ learning to relax/ coping with a crying baby
10.     A network of people can provide you with ______________________________ and __________________________________ support.
     physical/ emotional
11.     What can you do to cope with stress?
     Relax./ Exercise./ Talk./ Recognize stress triggers./ Avoid bad stress.
12.     It is normal for infants to cry for how long each day?
     for two to three hours
13.     What is "colic"?
     severe gas pains that can last for hours
14.     What strategies can you try if your baby won't stop crying?
     Sing or talk softly to the baby while rocking him/her./Play music and dance gently with the baby./ Put the baby in a wind-up swing./ Put the baby in a stroller and go for a walk./ Put the baby in the car and go for a ride./ Put the baby down in a safe playpen or crib and check on him/her every few minutes.
15.     When a baby's demands are unceasing, what kinds of feelings does the parent normally experience?
     impatience, despair, extreme anger
16.     When does "shaken baby syndrome" occur?
     when delicate brain tissues have become damaged by repeated trauma
17.     What is "bonding"?
     the formation of a close relationship through constant association
18.     Holding a baby will spoil him/her. True or false?
19.     How should a parent behave with a baby or with a young child?
     Talk to him/her often./ Smile at him/her./ Make plenty of eye contact with him/her./Make observations about the world around you./ Read stories, sing songs, recite nursery rhymes./ Color or put puzzles together./ Give a lot of positive reinforcement.
20.     What happens when a parent provides only negative feedback?
     The child will seek attention through negative behaviors.
21.     Discipline teaches children ______________________________________.
22.     What kind of discipline is most effective and least damaging to the child?
     psychological discipline
23.     When discipline is needed, be ___________________________________________.
     consistent and immediate
24.     What happens if a child gets what he/she wants thanks to whining?
     The child will learn to whine whenever he/she wants something.
25.     What kind of bars should a crib have?
     They should be close enough together that a baby cannot get his/her head through the bars.
26.     Where should your car seat be installed?
     in the car's back seat, facing the rear window
27.     What precaution should you take to prevent electrocution?
     Place plastic inserts in electrical outlets.
28.     What precaution should you take with any stairways in your home?
     Gate them so the child cannot fall down the steps.
29.     Why are small objects hazardous?
     Children are likely to put them in their mouths and choke on them.
© Educational Video Network, Inc. 2005 - www.evndirect.com
Your leading source for curriculum-based educational videos and DVDs.