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Study Guide Answers

1.     For what were European powers competing during the 19th and early 20th Centuries?
2.     Europe depended upon _______________________________ from colonies during the Industrial Revolution.
     raw materials
3.     The concept that colonies should benefit a mother country is called "_________________________."
4.     In the early 1900s, The Balkan Peninsula was known as the "_________________________________."
     Powder Keg of Europe
5.     What country was given control of Bosnia and Herzegovina by the Congress of Berlin in 1878?
6.     Why had Serbia wanted control of Bosnia and Herzegovina?
     It wanted to form a larger Slavic state and it wanted access to the Adriatic Sea.
7.     The move to unify Slavs in a larger Slavic state was called "________________________________.
8.     What large country was an ally of Serbia?
9.     The assassination of what person set off hostilities?
     Archduke Francis Ferdinand, heir to the Austrian throne
10.     To the people of that time, World War I was known as "___________________________________."
     the Great War
11.     Why were the French anxious to seek revenge on Germany?
     They lost the Franco-Prussian War in 1871 and had been forced to pay heavy reparations and to give the rich, eastern provinces of Alsace and Lorraine to the Germans.
12.     What was the "Triple Alliance"?
     an agreement that bound Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy together as allies who would come to one another's aid in the event of war
13.     What countries formed the "Central Powers"?
     Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy
14.     What countries formed the "Triple Entente"?
     France, Russia, and England
15.     The Triple Entente countries later came to be known as the "_________________________."
16.     Who ascended to power in Germany in 1888?
     Kaiser Wilhelm II
17.     What were the German "U-boats"?
18.     What American financier tried to prevent war?
     Andrew Carnegie
19.     What is "Militarism"?
     the glorification of armed strength
20.     What new weapons of war were used during World War I?
     the machine gun, the tank, the submarine, and the airplane
21.     What was "trench warfare"?
     the digging of trenches in the ground, where troops could hide for protection
22.     Clashes between enemy planes were known as "______________________________."
23.     A pilot who shot down many enemy planes was known as a(n) "____________________."
24.     Germany initially used airships called "_____________________________" to float over England and to drop bombs on the British.
25.     World War I became a war of ____________________________.
26.     What neutral country did Germany invade in order to attack France?
27.     Germany had to fight on two ______________________.
28.     The war on the Western Front was between what two countries?
     France and Germany
29.     During the Battle of ___________________________, the Germans were within 14 miles of Paris.
     the Marne
30.     Who were the first to use poison gas and gas masks?
     the Germans
31.     What battle came to symbolize heroic resistance for the French?
     the Battle of Verdun
32.     Britain annexed _____________________________ and declared a protectorate over ____________________________ and the strategic ____________________ Canal.
     Turkish Cypress/ Egypt/ Suez
33.     The war on the Eastern Front mainly involved what two countries?
     Germany and Russia
34.     Which member of the Triple Alliance decided to switch sides?
35.     In which country did the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917 take place?
36.     What Communist leader had the Russian Czar and his family executed?
37.     On which side did Japan enter the war?
     on the side of the Allies
38.     Who was the American president during the time of World War I?
     Woodrow Wilson
39.     America believed in a policy of ____________________________________.
40.     The sinking of what British passenger liner caused many Americans to want to take part in the war?
     the Lusitania
41.     How many Americans died on the liner named in #40?
42.     U-boats sank _________________ of every ___________________ ships leaving British ports.
     one/ four
43.     Germany tried to instigate a war between the United States and ________________________.
44.     How was the plan referred to in #43 foiled?
     A telegram was intercepted and decoded.
45.     The Americans entered the war to "make the world safe for __________________________."
46.     What did Woodrow Wilson present to the American Congress on January 18, 1918?
     his "Fourteen Points for Peace"
47.     Wilson wanted to see the formation of what?
     a league of nations that would work to resolve international disputes
48.     When was an armistice signed with Germany?
     on November 11, 1918
49.     What American holiday is observed on November 11th every year?
     Veterans' Day
50.     What treaty dictated conditions of peace with Germany?
     the Treaty of Versailles
© Educational Video Network, Inc. 2005 - www.evndirect.com
Your leading source for curriculum-based educational videos and DVDs.