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Study Guide Answers

1.     Nutrition is the science of ______________________________.
2.     Diet is ________________________________________________________________.
     the food and drink that a person consumes each day
3.     Chemical substances that are found in food, and which are needed by the body for energy, growth, repair, and maintenance are ______________________________.
4.     How much of the human body is made up of water?
     about 75%
5.     How does water help nutrients to do their job?
     Water dissolves nutrients and makes them usable by the body's tissues.
6.     Vitamins are [organic/inorganic].
7.     Vitamins do not contain carbon. True or false?
8.     Vitamins supply our bodies with energy. True or false?
     false/ Vitamins help to release the energy that's found in carbohydrates, fats, and proteins.
9.     Minerals do not contain carbon. True or false?
10.     What's a "calorie"?
     A calorie is a unit of energy provided by a food.
11.     What determines how quickly a person's body uses up calories?
     his or her metabolism
12.     How many calories are in a gram of protein?
     about 4
13.     Proteins are broken down into ____________________________________________.
     amino acids
14.     When body cells need to be replaced, what nutrient is used?
15.     What is the primary source of energy for human beings?
16.     Sugars are [simple/complex] carbohydrates.
17.     Starches are [simple/complex] carbohydrates.
18.     Fat is found in all animal foods. True or false?
19.     Fats help in the formation of _____________________________________.
     cell membranes
20.     What type of fat is found in any food that comes from an animal?
21.     How much cholesterol is found in a gram of plant food?
     none at all
22.     What was designed by the United States Department of Agriculture, to help people in planning a healthful diet?
     the Food Guide Pyramid
23.     The Food Guide Pyramid has ____________ sections.
24.     What are the five main food groups?
     the grain group, the fruit group, the vegetable group, the meat group, the dairy group
25.     Foods in the "grain group" are excellent sources of ________________________________________.
     complex carbohydrates
26.     Grains add __________________________ to our diet, and this helps food to move through our digestive system.
27.     Fruits are naturally low in ______________________.
28.     The darker the color of a vegetable, the more _________________________ it will provide.
29.     All vegetables, except ____________________________ and _____________________________ are low in fat.
     olives/ avocadoes
30.     Foods in the "meat group" come from both plant and animal sources. True or false?
31.     Why is bacon not included in the "meat group"?
     It contains too much fat.
32.     What must vegetarians do to get the right mix of proteins?
     They must combine certain foods together, for instance, beans with grains.
33.     Butter, whipped cream, and cream cheese are part of the "____________________ group."
34.     The most important nutrient in the "dairy group" is ____________________________________.
35.     People who are lactose intolerant feel uncomfortable after eating food from what group?
36.     What two foods from the group named in #35 can lactose-intolerant people consume?
     yogurt, buttermilk
37.     No more than _____________% of your daily calories should come from fat.
38.     Foods that are high in fat and sugar content are also high in _________________________.
39.     A diet that is not balanced and varied increases the risk of _____________________________.
40.     People who have too much body fat suffer from what condition?
© Educational Video Network, Inc. 2005 - www.evndirect.com
Your leading source for curriculum-based educational videos and DVDs.