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Study Guide Answers

1.     How old was Martin Luther King, Jr., when he was ordained as a Baptist minister?
     17
2.     Where did Martin Luther King, Jr. receive his Ph.D.?
     at Boston University
3.     Martin Luther King, Jr. believed that his church could and should be an instrument for what?
     for improving the lives of African-Americans
4.     When did Martin Luther King, Jr.'s civil rights activities begin?
     They began with the bus boycott in Montgomery, Alabama that protested the treatment of Rosa Parks.
5.     To what position was Martin Luther King, Jr. elected after his participation in the bus boycott?
     He was elected as president of the newly-formed Montgomery Improvement Association.
6.     What type of protest did Martin Luther King, Jr. advocate?
     non-violent protest
7.     What organized group became the enemy of Martin Luther King, Jr.?
     the Ku Klux Klan
8.     Where were police dogs and fire hoses used against civil rights protesters?
     in Birmingham, Alabama
9.     When did Martin Luther King, Jr. lead his famous March on Washington?
     in August 1963
10.     For what did the Civil Rights Act of 1964 provide? What did it prohibit?
     It provided for equal opportunities in employment and education. It prohibited racial discrimination in public places.
11.     What was "Bloody Sunday"?
     Protesters marching from Selma to Montgomery were attacked that day by state troopers .
12.     What are two major honors that were accorded to Martin Luther King, Jr. ?
     He was Time Magazine's Man of the Year and he won the 1964 Nobel Peace Prize.
13.     When was Martin Luther King, Jr. assassinated, and by whom?
     He was assassinated on April 3, 1968, by a White supremacist.
14.     Which president made Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Day a national holiday?
     Ronald Reagan
15.     When did Jesse Jackson join the Civil Rights Movement full-time?
     in 1965
16.     What was "Operation Breadbasket"?
     a program of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference that addressed the economic problems of Blacks in northern cities
17.     What was the goal of PUSH?
     to expand educational and employment opportunities for disadvantaged people and for communities of color.
18.     What was the National Rainbow Coalition?
     an independent political organization aimed at uniting different groups
19.     When did Jesse Jackson first run in a presidential primary?
     in 1984
20.     How many new voters registered when Jesse Jackson campaigned for the presidency? What was one of the results of this movement to sign up new Black voters?
     one million/ The Democrats regained control of the Senate.
21.     When was Rainbow/PUSH formed?
     in September 1996
22.     Several times, Jesse Jackson has aided in the liberation of what kinds of people?
     hostages and POWs
23.     Jesse Jackson is only the second living person to receive what honor?
     The U. S. Post Office put his likeness on a pictorial postal cancellation in 1991.
24.     To what position was Jesse Jackson promoted in October 1997?
     He became Special Envoy of the President and Secretary of State for the Promotion of Democracy in Africa.
25.     What has Jesse Jackson been called?
     "The Great Unifier" and "The Conscience of the Nation"
26.     What was the guiding factor in the formation of Malcolm X's views and decisions?
     religion
27.     Did Malcolm X believe in peaceful protest?
     no
28.     What happened to Malcolm X's boyhood home?
     It was burned down by White supremacists.
29.     When did Malcolm X learn and embrace the teachings of Islam?
     while in prison for various crimes committed while he was young
30.     Why did Malcolm change his last name from "Little" to "X"?
     Family names of Black people came from names given to them by White slave holders. He wanted to reject this legacy.
31.     What does the Black Muslim faith profess?
     the superiority of Black people and the inherent evil of Whites who keep African-Americans from empowering themselves
32.     What did Malcolm X believe would offer the only answer to racial turmoil in America?
     segregation
33.     What did Malcolm X say about JFK in his speech, "Chickens Come Home to Roost"?
     He said that Kennedy allowed MLK Jr.'s March on Washington for his own political gain and that Kennedy did nothing during the Birmingham attacks on innocent Black men, women, and children but "sit on his hands."
34.     Malcolm X was influenced by the views of what world-famous boxer?
     Cassius Clay (Muhammed Ali)
35.     What changed Malcolm X's views on racism and segregation?
     a pilgrimage to Mecca
36.     Why was Malcolm X (Malki El-Shabazz) assassinated by Black Muslims?
     He became viewed as a traitor to the movement
37.     Why is Thurgood Marshall considered to be one of the leaders of the Civil Rights Movement?
     He influenced changes in civil rights laws.
38.     After Marshall received a law degree, where did he go to work?
     at a Baltimore branch of the NAACP
39.     Along with Charles Hamilton, what did Marshall develop?
     a long-term strategy for ending segregation in schools
40.     Who appointed Thurgood Marshall to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit?
     President John F. Kennedy
41.     When was Thurgood Marshall appointed to the U.S. Supreme Court? What special distinction did this appointment give him?
     in 1967/ He was the first African-American to be a Supreme Court Justice.
42.     What is "affirmative action"?
     a group of policies that ensures all races equal opportunities under the law
43.     Who was the first Black American to play in the World Series?
     Jackie Robinson
44.     At what university was Jackie Robinson the only student to letter in four sports?
     at UCLA
45.     In what sport was Robinson weakest?
     baseball
46.     Robinson was the first baseball player to have what issued in his honor?
     a U.S. postage stamp
47.     Colin Powell began his army career at what rank?
     second lieutenant
48.     For what president did Powell serve as national security advisor?
     Ronald Reagan
49.     When did Powell become a 4-star general?
     in 1988
50.     In what armed conflict did Powell help to lead U.N. forces against Saddam Hussein?
     Desert Storm
51.     Powell was the first Black American to serve as Chairman of what group?
     the Joint Chiefs of Staff
52.     What is the aim of Powell's America's Promise - Alliance for Youth?
     to build the character and competence of young people
53.     Who became America's first secretary of state of the 21st Century?
     Colin Powell
© Educational Video Network, Inc. 2005 - www.evndirect.com
Your leading source for curriculum-based educational videos and DVDs.