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Study Guide Answers

1.     What is the original meaning of the term "drama?"
     a thing done
2.     What is the original meaning of the term "theatre?"
     a seeing place
3.     How were the satyrs depicted in Greek art?
     half man, half goat
4.     What were Dionysus's mad women followers called? a. Panickers b. Maenads c. Dramaturges d. the Muses
     b. Maenads
5.     Where were the early celebratory dances in honor of Dionysus held?
     threshing floors
6.     The term ,"comedy," derives from the Greek for "song of revel." True or false?
     true
7.     What did the word, "tragedy," originally mean?
     goat song
8.     Which form of drama (comedy or tragedy) originated from springtime celebrations?
     tragedy
9.     Which form of drama (comedy or tragedy) originated from winter celebrations?
     comedy
10.     What were the hymns that celebrated Dionysus's life and adventures called?
     dithyrambs
11.     Which Greek city converted the old rural festivals into dramatic spectacles?
     Athens
12.     Which dramatist introduced a second actor to Greek drama?
     Aeschylus
13.     Which Greek dramatist added a third actor and reduced the role of the chorus in the tragedy?
     Sophocles
14.     Which Greek dramatist wrote to encourage social reform, while making fun of the gods?
     Euripides
15.     What was performed following the tragic trilogy, in order to provide comic relief?
     a satyr play
16.     What was the original prize for the best tragic trilogy in the Athenian festival?
     a goat
17.     How many people did the theatre of Dionysus at Athens hold?
     17,000
18.     Athen's drama season lasted from spring through summer to take advantage of vacationing tourists from other Greek cities. True or false?
     false
19.     Music was an essential part of Greek drama. True or false?
     true
20.     How did the audience know whom the members of the small, all-male casts were supposed to be representing?
     The performers wore large masks.
21.     Greek theatres evolved from the origin of presenting entertainment on rural threshing floors. True or false?
     true
22.     To make viewing better for the most people, where were Greek theatres usually built?
     into hillsides
23.     What was the "viewing place" of the early theatres called?
     theatron
24.     Where did the chorus sing and dance?
     orchestra
25.     The small hut where actors costumed themselves eventually developed into a stage. True or false?
     true
26.     Why were all people expected to attend the theatre?
     religion
27.     The theatre was one of the few public spectacles open to women. True or false?
     true
28.     What did spectators wear in honor of Dionysus? a.) laurel wreaths b.) bay leaves c.) sprigs of hawthorn d.) shamrocks
     b. bay leaves
29.     theatre was considered to be so important that tickets were bought for poor people, thus ensuring that they could attend. True or false?
     true
30.     In addition to helping to identify characters, what other function did the large masks serve?
     They served as megaphones.
31.     Who modified the Greek theatres for gladiatorial contests?
     the Romans
32.     Who was honored at the theatre of Epidaurus?
     Asclepias, god of medicine
33.     Some ancient Greek theatres are still preserved well enough to permit modern performances. True or false?
     true
34.     Would a circular orchestra indicate predominantly Greek or Roman styling?
     Greek
35.     Some ancient theatres even included loudspeaker systems. True or false?
     true
36.     The Romans usually built their theatres in the center of their towns. True or false?
     true
37.     Would the Greek or Roman theatres be considered more religious-oriented?
     Greek
38.     Where did later Western drama resurface, after a long dark age following the fall of the Roman Empire?
     churches
© Educational Video Network, Inc. 2005 - www.evndirect.com
Your leading source for curriculum-based educational videos and DVDs.