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Study Guide Answers

1.     When did slavery cease to exist in America?
     after the Civil War
2.     The Civil Rights Acts of 1866 and 1875 are sometimes called the "___________________________."
     Black Codes
3.     What did the 14th Amendment guarantee?
     equal rights under the law
4.     What did the 15th Amendment grant?
     It granted Black men the right to vote.
5.     When did the Supreme Court rule that the Civil Rights Act of 1875 was unconstitutional?
     in 1883
6.     When was the "Plessy vs. Ferguson" case?
     in 1896
7.     Who was Homer Plessy?
     a 30-year-old shoemaker who was seven-eighths White and one-eighth Black
8.     For what offense was Homer Plessy arrested?
     for sitting in a "Whites only" railroad car
9.     What judge handed down a ruling in the case?
     John Howard Ferguson
10.     Plessy was found guilty of breaking the law of what state?
11.     When Plessy took his case to the Supreme Court, the original decision was [ overturned/ upheld ].
12.     What did the so-called "Jim Crow" laws legalize?
13.     From where did the name, "Jim Crow" come?
     It came from shows of the 19th Century in which White men darkened their faces for song and dance numbers.
14.     Why did poll taxes and literacy tests exist?
     to limit the number of Blacks who could qualify to vote
15.     What did the case known as "Cumming versus the County Board of Education" decide?
     It decided that schools for White children could be established without establishing similar schools for Black children.
16.     Effective leadership for a civil rights movement surfaced in what decade?
     the 1950s
17.     "Brown versus the Board of Education" ruled that "separate educational facilities are _____________________________________________."
     inherently unequal
18.     When did the "Brown versus the Board of Education" ruling take place?
     in 1954
19.     Why was Rosa Parks arrested?
     She was a Black woman who refused to give up her bus seat to a White man.
20.     In what profession was Martin Luther King, Jr.?
     He was a minister.
21.     What did the Black leaders of Montgomery, Alabama decide to do to protest the arrest of Rosa Parks?
     A bus boycott began.
22.     Where did the Arkansas National Guard go, to prevent Black students from attending school ?
     Little Rock Central High School
23.     Where was Joseph McNeill denied service?
     at Woolworth's lunch counter in Greensboro, North Carolina
24.     Against what did the "freedom riders" protest?
     They protested against segregation in bus terminals.
25.     Who was the first Black student to enroll at the University of Mississippi?
     James Meredith
26.     Who escorted the student named in #1 to the university campus?
     federal marshals
27.     Two students were killed as the result of a riot that broke out because of Meredith's presence on campus. True or false?
28.     Where did Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. lead a protest in April of 1963?
     in Birmingham, Alabama
29.     How many people participated in the March on Washington? When did this event take place?
     more than 250,000/ August 28,1963
30.     What speech did King deliver during the March on Washington?
     I Have a Dream
31.     The March on Washington was the largest mass demonstration to ever take place in the United States. True or false?
32.     The participants in the March on Washington were all Black, American citizens. True or false?
33.     Who was the American president in 1964, when Congress passed the Civil Rights Act?
     Lyndon Johnson
34.     Any programs that discriminated because of race could no longer receive what, as a provision of the Civil Rights Act of 1964?
     federal money
35.     What did the 24th Amendment ban?
     poll taxes
36.     Who forbade a 1965 march between Selma and Montgomery?
     Governor George Wallace of Alabama
37.     Was the march delayed as a result of the ban?
38.     March 7, 1965 became known as "______________________________________." Why?
     Bloody Sunday/ Marchers were chased and beaten by Alabama state troopers.
39.     How long after the event named in #14 was the Voting Rights Act passed?
     It was passed five months later.
40.     The Voting Rights Act outlawed the use of literacy tests as a "litmus test" for voters. True or false?
41.     How many new Black voters were registered by the end of 1965?
42.     Malcom X wanted Blacks to estrange themselves from White society, but he later changed his stance. True or false?
43.     The "Black Panthers" advocated peaceful, civil disobdeience. True or false?
44.     How did Dr. King, Jr. die? When did he die?
     He was assassinated./ April 4, 1968
45.     Who organized a protest by grape pickers in California in 1962?
     Cesar Chávez
46.     When did American Indians seize the trading post at Wounded Knee?
© Educational Video Network, Inc. 2005 - www.evndirect.com
Your leading source for curriculum-based educational videos and DVDs.