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Study Guide Answers

1.     Memory is the _____________________ and ________________________ recall of ________________________ and ______________________________.
     intentional/ automatic/ experiences/ information
2.     Short-term memory is __________________________________ memory.
     working
3.     Short-term memory is extremely __________________________.
     limited
4.     An average of how many items can be stored simultaneously in a person's short-term memory?
     seven
5.     How long does most information stay in short-term memory?
     no longer than half a minute
6.     Long-term memory has a(n)_________________________capacity.
     limitless
7.     As new pieces of information are brought in, they are linked to______________________________ __________________________________.
     other pieces of already-stored information
8.     In order for something to be remembered, what process must the information undergo?
     It must pass from short-term to long-term memory.
9.     The transfer of information from short-term to long-term memory is called "__________________."
     encoding
10.     What neurotransmitter establishes a memory circuit?
     acetylcholine
11.     Thinking about new information repeatedly causes what to happen?
     The mental connection becomes re-inforced. A memory circuit is "fused."
12.     What two factors have a direct impact upon our ability to remember?
     repetition and linking
13.     Strategies designed to assist human memory are called "_________________________________."
     mnemonic devices
14.     What is "chunking"?
     the grouping of information into recognizable patterns
15.     What is an "acronym"?
     a word that's formed from the initial letter(s) of each word in a series
16.     What is a "mnemonic sentence"?
     The first letter of each word on your list is used as the first letter of another word, and these words become a sentence that you memorize.
17.     Rhymes are good mnemonic devices. True or false?
     true
18.     The "peg method" involves rhyming a word with a(n) _________________________.
     number
19.     You are more likely to remember anything that you see. True or false?
     true
20.     The "journey method" relies upon your familiarity with a particular _______________________.
     route
21.     How does the "room method" work?
     You imagine the information that you must remember in association with items in a particular room.
22.     Be ______________________ and participate during class.
     engaged
23.     Adrenaline helps our memories to work more efficiently. True or false?
     false/ Adrenaline suppresses memory.
24.     Writing down information facilitates recall. True or false?
     true
25.     Reading aloud or explaining what you've read has what effect on memory?
     It helps to re-inforce memory.
26.     What should you listen to while you study?
     classical music
27.     Apply __________________________ to your own life.
     concepts
© Educational Video Network, Inc. 2005 - www.evndirect.com
Your leading source for curriculum-based educational videos and DVDs.