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Study Guide Questions

1.     The coastal zone: (a) includes many types of habitat (b) is an area affected by the interplay of land and water (c) extends from waters just off shore to the highest point reached by storm waves (d) covers a more extensive area than the shoreline (e) all of the above.
2.     The actual contact point between land and water is called: (a) the coastal zone (b) the coastline (c) the shoreline (d) the tidal zone (e) none of the above.
3.     Tides are primarily caused by: (a) magnetic pull of the earth's core (b) gravitational pull of the moon (c) gravitational pull of the sun (d) earth's rotation.
4.     The tidal interval is: (a) time between high tide and low tide (b) time between two high tides (c) vertical difference between high and low tide (d) the difference between the highest high tides and the lowest low tides.
5.     In any given place, high tide is reached at the same time each day. True or false?
6.     The lowest low tides and highest high tides are called __________________ tides.
7.     Tides with a lower than average tidal range are called __________________ tides.
8.     The highest high tides and lowest low tides occur within a few days of the new and full moons because the moon and the sun are: (a) at right angles to each other (b) both visible during the day (c) in line with the earth (d) closer to the earth than usual (e) none of the above.
9.     The highest tidal ranges on earth have been recorded in: (a) the North Sea (b) the Strait of Juan de Fuca (c) the Bay of Fundy (d) the Mediterranean Sea (e) Alaska.
10.     Most ocean waves are caused by _______________________________________________.
11.     Wave size is affected by wind: (a) velocity (b) duration (c) fetch (d) all of the above (e) a and c.
12.     Waves gain energy and speed as they approach shore. True or false?
13.     Small waves that lap up onto the beach are: (a) surging breakers (b) spilling breakers (c) plunging breakers (d) lapping breakers.
14.     Wave refraction concentrates wave energy: (a) on beaches (b) onto headlands (c) into back bays and estuaries (d) all of the above (e) none of the above.
15.     All beaches are composed of sand. True or false?
16.     A ribbon of sand that connects an offshore island with the mainland is called a: (a) spit (b) baymouth bar (c) tombolo (d) levee (e) dike.
17.     When sea levels rise or the land surface is lowered relative to the sea, the result is a coastline of: (a) submergence (b) divergence (c) emergence (d) convergence (e) none of the above.
18.     Barrier islands tend to migrate toward the mainland. True or false?
19.     Coral reefs are examples of coastal environments created by: (a) plant life (b) volcanic activity (c) sedimentary deposits (d) longshore drift (e) animal life.
20.     At present, world sea levels are: (a) rising (b) dropping (c) staying the same as during the last century.
© Educational Video Network, Inc. 2005 - www.evndirect.com
Your leading source for curriculum-based educational videos and DVDs.