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Study Guide Answers

1.     What happens to girls during puberty?
     They develop breasts; their hips become wider; fat accumulates on thighs and buttocks; pubic hair, leg hair, and underarm hair grow. Menstruation begins.
2.     What happens to boys during puberty?
     Their shoulders widen, their voices deepen, and their muscles become more defined. Exterior sexual organs grow larger and body hair grows.
3.     Why does the onset of puberty often have adverse effects on self-esteem?
     Teens begin to wonder whether or not their new physical characteristics are good enough. They often wonder if their own development is keeping pace with what is normal. Some become self-conscious about their changing bodies, and some are embarrassed about the development of sexual characteristics.
4.     What do girls who develop anorexia nervosa do?
     They starve themselves into extreme thinness, while continuing to perceive themselves as being too heavy.
5.     What do bulimics do?
     Bulimics abuse laxatives or force themselves to vomit.
6.     What do teenaged boys often feel pressured to do about their bodies? What do some do as a result of this pressure?
     They feel that there's cultural pressure to "bulk up."/ Some become obsessed with weight training and some of these young men take steroids.
7.     The self-esteem of most teens is strongly related to what?
     to body image
8.     Why does a poor body image cause some teens to turn to alcohol or drugs?
     It gives them a way to escape from their psychic pain for a while and it allows them to feel less inhibited in social settings.
9.     Explain why physical features are really superficial.
     A person's essence is found within.
10.     What's the real key to a good self-image?
     It's found in our ability to accept ourselves and to value our personal characteristics, talents, and capabilities.
11.     Most teens who have self-image problems engage in what kind of self-talk?
     negative self-talk
12.     When a negative body image becomes severe, what is the condition called?
     body dysmorphic disorder
13.     What is BDD?
     It's an anxiety disorder, believed to be related to obsessive-compulsive disorders.
14.     Seventy percent of the people who develop BDD develop it prior to what age?
     prior to the age of 18
15.     Why is BDD called "the disease of imagined ugliness"?
     People who have this condition become completely obsessed with imaginary or slight defects.
16.     List some symptoms of BDD.
     avoiding mirrors, avoiding having one's picture taken, being obsessive about comparing oneself to others, camouflaging the perceived defect, excessive grooming, persistently seeking reassurance, excessive dieting or exercising
17.     What has helped those who suffer from BDD?
     a combination of antidepressants and cognitive behavior therapy
18.     How can you help someone who has BDD?
     Be sympathetic and understand that it is a major issue for the patient. Support him or her in efforts to get help. Be patient. Take any conversation about suicide seriously.
19.     What should you avoid doing when you're with someone who may have BDD?
     Don't insist that nothing's wrong. Don't tell him or her to "snap out of it." Don't accuse him or her of looking for attention. Don't get angry. Don't encourage the idea of cosmetic surgery.
20.     Why is chasing after physical perfection a waste of energy?
     Physical perfection doesn't really exist.
© Educational Video Network, Inc. 2005 - www.evndirect.com
Your leading source for curriculum-based educational videos and DVDs.