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Study Guide Answers

1.     Which best describes The Aeneid: fable, novel, epic, or short story?
2.     _____________________ wrote The Aeneid, but wanted it burned when he died. Why?
     Virgil; he had not finished polishing it yet.
3.     Aeneas, the story's hero, founded ____________________ by command of the gods.
4.     The ancient Romans believed in only one god. True or false?
5.     The poet's purpose in writing The Aeneid was to show how depraved Rome's early citizens had been. True or false?
6.     Briefly tell how the Trojan War began. Why did Juno urge the Greeks to wage war against the Trojans?
7.     Aeneas's father was a mortal, but his mother was the goddess, _____________________ .
8.     How long did the Trojan War last?
     10 years
9.     Why did the Greeks build a huge wooden horse?
     To enter the city of Troy.
10.     Who was the Greek spy sent to lie to the Trojans about the horse?
11.     A priest named Laoco÷n warned the Trojans that they were being tricked. True or false?
12.     Why were the Trojans convinced that the Roman spy was telling the truth?
     because Laoco÷n and his sons were suddenly killed by sea serpents
13.     What happened to Troy?
     It was destroyed by the Greeks.
14.     Who was Creusa? What did her ghost tell Aeneas about his future?
     Aeneas' wife/ that he would restore the Trojan race and have his own kingdom.
15.     How did Aeneas and his loyal band of patriots escape the Greeks?
     They secretly built a fleet of ships and sailed away.
16.     Where did Aeneas's household gods tell him to search for the "Promised Land"?
17.     About what omen did the angry harpie queen tell Aeneas?
     If he found the Promised Land, hunger would force him to eat his plate.
18.     Aeneas and his men stayed and rested for a year at _________________________ .
19.     Why was Aeneas so pleased to find Andromache, the Queen of Chaonia?
     She had been the wife of his good friend, Hector.
20.     King Helenus told Aeneas that when he saw __________________________________, he would know that he had reached the Promised Land.
     a white sow with 30 suckling pigs
21.     What was Scylla?
     a monster that devoured ships
22.     Charybdis was a huge sea serpent that attacked passing ships. True or false?
23.     What strange feature did the Cyclopes have?
     only one eye in the middle of their foreheads
24.     Who was Polyphemus?
     chief of the Cyclopes
25.     Shortly after landing at Drepanum in Sicily, which member of Aeneas's party died?
     Anchises, Aeneas' father
26.     How were Aeneas and his men treated at Carthage?
     They were very well received.
27.     Why was Aeneas chided by the ghost of his father?
     for staying in Carthage too long
28.     Aeneas was eventually prompted to leave Carthage by __________________________ , Jupiter's messenger.
29.     Why did he leave secretly, in the dark of night?
     so he wouldn't offend Queen Dido
30.     What did Queen Dido do when it was discovered that Aeneas was gone?
     She pronounced a curse on him and then killed herself.
31.     Why were Aeneas and his men once again diverted to Sicily?
     A raging storm forced them to seek land.
32.     Why did Juno send the goddess, Iris, to Sicily - disguised as an old woman?
     to inspire discontent among the women, to have them burn Aeneas's fleet
33.     How many ships were saved after the fires?
     only three
34.     In a dream, Anchises's ghost told Aeneas to leave the _________________________ people behind in Sicily and take only the __________________ people with him to rebuild the Trojan race.
     dissident/timid; noble/daring
35.     Where did Anchises tell Aeneas to go, in order to learn the fate of the Trojans?
36.     What was the name of the city that Aeneas and his men built for the people who were staying behind in Sicily?
37.     Who helped Aeneas to make the difficult journey into Hades?
     the Sybil of Cumae
38.     Aeneas had to have something before he could enter Hades--what was it?
     a golden bough
39.     Charon was the name of the boat that Aeneas rode into Hades. True or false?
40.     Where did Aeneas find Anchises?
     a flowery vale, where the souls of the blessed dwelled in Hades
41.     What did Anchises show to Aeneas?
     a vision of the future of the Trojan race
42.     When Aeneas and his men finally found Latium, they ate from their plates of bread, as the harpie queen had foretold. True or false?
43.     Who was the reigning king when Aeneas arrived at Latium?
     King Latinus
44.     Aeneas and his men were well received by the king. True or false?
45.     Why couldn't Aeneas marry Lavinia, the King's daughter?
     She was already betrothed to Turnus.
46.     How did Juno create problems for Aeneas in Latium?
     She turned Queen Amata and Turmus against Aeneas, causing a war.
47.     Father Tiber warned Aeneas that he was destined to lose if he went to war against Turnus. True or false?
48.     What did Father Tiber tell Aeneas that the thirty pigs were meant to represent?
     30 years
49.     What did Aeneas do with the sow and the pigs, once he found them?
     He sacrificed them to Juno.
50.     Venus asked ______________________ to make special armor and weapons for Aeneas.
51.     Aeneas and his men were outnumbered by Turnus's army throughout the war. True or false?
52.     Why did the gods stop interfering in the war?
     because Jupiter ordered them to stop
53.     In a bloody duel, Turnus killed ______________________ and stole his sword, for use against Aeneas
54.     Realizing who would win the war, what did Juno ask of Jupiter?
     to retain the Latin race and to combine it with that of the Trojans
55.     What made Aeneas change his mind about sparing Turnus's life?
     He saw Turnus wearing Pallas's belt.
56.     Despite killing Turnus, Aeneas was never able to marry Lavinia. True or false?
57.     After uniting to form one civilization, what did the Latins and the Trojans call their homeland?
58.     The ____________________ system of this civilization has remained unsurpassed throughout history. a.) number b.) legal c.) calendar d.) irrigation
     b.) legal
59.     What eventually caused the downfall of Rome?
     self-indulgence, greed, and vice
© Educational Video Network, Inc. 2005 - www.evndirect.com
Your leading source for curriculum-based educational videos and DVDs.