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Study Guide Answers

1.     Cocaine psychosis is the result of overstimulation of the brain's __________________________.
     fright centers
2.     What are the signs of cocaine psychosis?
     bizarre, erratic, violent behavior/ panic/ paranoia/ delusions of persecution/suspiciousness/ irrationality/ anxiety/ restlessness/ depression/ hallucinations
3.     What kind of tactile hallucinations sometimes occur?
     formication - or "cocaine bugs"
4.     Cocaine can cause the entire _______________________________________ system to collapse.
     central nervous
5.     What is a cerebral hemorrhage?
     bleeding in the brain
6.     What is the source of cocaine?
     the coca plant
7.     Who discovered how to extract cocaine from the leaves of the coca plant?
     Albert Niemann
8.     When did the U.S. government prohibit the use of cocaine?
     1914
9.     How does most cocaine enter the U.S. today?
     in vehicles that enter the U.S. from Mexico
10.     In what form is most street cocaine?
     a hydrochloride salt
11.     What impurities are in cocaine as a result of the manufacturing process?
     kerosene, benzene, leaded gasoline, powdered lime
12.     How do most users introduce cocaine into their systems?
     through the nose by snorting
13.     Cocaine powder is easily absorbed by the body's ______________________ .
     membranes
14.     What telltale signs of cocaine abuse are seen when observing the noses of users?
     eczema/ runny nose/ perforated septum
15.     What risks exist for those who share a needle with another person?
     blood poisoning/ hepatitis B/ inflammation of the heart valves/ inflammation of the heart lining/ HIV
16.     What is "freebasing"?
     Heating the cocaine to remove impurities
17.     Why is "freebasing" dangerous?
     The solvents are volatile and highly flammable.Death sometimes occurs from fire or explosion while freebasing.
18.     What is "crack"?
     "Crack" is a form of freebase cocaine that is in the form of "rocks."
19.     Crack is usually ( more/less ) pure than powdered cocaine.
     more
20.     How is crack used?
     It is smoked.
21.     What is the essential factor in cocaine deaths?
     the speed of absorption
22.     What chemical is trapped in the brain's reward system during cocaine use?
     dopamine
23.     Who is more likely to use cocaine - males or females?
     males
24.     How quickly can the effects of crack be felt?
     within ten seconds
25.     A "high" from crack lasts about how long?
     twelve minutes
26.     Why do cocaine users have difficulty sleeping?
     Cocaine is a powerful stimulant.
27.     Desperate teens trade _______________ for drugs.
     sex
28.     For how long can crack cocaine stay in the system of a fetus?
     two weeks
29.     More than _______________ of all property crimes in major cities are related to the use of crack cocaine.
     half
© Educational Video Network, Inc. 2005 - www.evndirect.com
Your leading source for curriculum-based educational videos and DVDs.