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Study Guide Answers

1.     What is the only legal way to obtain a prescription drug?
     with a physician's prescription
2.     What things must a doctor consider when prescribing a drug for a patient?
     the patient's body weight, any allergies, and other drugs being taken
3.     In order for any drug to be sold legally in the United States, it must first be approved by ____________________________________________________.
     the Food and Drug Administration (the FDA)
4.     What does approval by the organization named in #3 indicate?
     that the drug is safe when used as directed and that it effectively treats the condition for which it's prescribed
5.     When drugs are used in any way other than the way specified by the prescribing doctor, ________________________________________ is taking place.
     medical misuse
6.     What "don'ts" apply to prescription medications?
     Don't give your medicine to someone else./ Don't take someone else's medicine./ Don't take too much or too little of a medicine./ Don't mix medicines without first asking a pharmacist whether or not it is safe to do so./ Don't take medicine for too long a period of time or discontinue it without telling your doctor.
7.     Addiction and dependence are the same thing. True or false?
8.     What do some prescription drugs turn on in the brain?
     pleasure centers
9.     What percent of drug-related emergency-room visits involve stimulants, painkillers, or tranquilizers?
10.     What's a "drug cocktail"?
     a mixture of alcohol or street drugs with prescription drugs
11.     What happens when an abuser develops a "tolerance" to a drug?
     An increasingly higher dose is needed to produce the same effect that was produced by the initial dose.
12.     High doses of prescription drugs may cause long-term damage to what major organs?
     the brain, the kidneys, the liver
13.     Where do teens obtain prescription drugs for recreational use?
     They get them on the street./ They "borrow" them from friends or parents who have legitimate prescriptions for them./ Smugglers bring prescription drugs into the U.S../ Drugs are stolen from drug distributors./ Some drugs come from medical facilities and pharmacies./ Prescription pads are sometimes stolen from doctors./ They get them from Internet prescription services.
14.     On the street, which is generally cheaper - illicit street drugs or illicit prescription drugs?
     illicit prescription drugs
15.     What do stimulant drugs do to the brain?
     They "speed up" the brain.
16.     What are two medical conditions that are often treated with stimulant drugs?
     obesity and ADHD
17.     Ritalin is a brand name of what drug?
18.     What neurotransmitter is targeted by Ritalin?
19.     The stimulant characteristics of Ritalin are similar to the stimulant characteristics of ____________________________.
20.     Sniffing ground-up Ritalin can cause what damage to a person's body?
     It can damage delicate tissues in the nose and in air passages. It can deteriorate nasal cartilage.
21.     Injecting ground-up Ritalin can cause what damage to a person's body?
     Small blood vessels are blocked by insoluble fillers and the lungs and the retinas of the eye are damaged.
22.     Some teens illicitly use Dexedrine as a(n) _______________________ aid.
23.     Why do all amphetamines have a high potential for abuse?
     Tolerance and extreme psychological dependence develop quickly.
24.     What should a person who's taking an amphetamine of any type monitor carefully?
     blood pressure and pulse rate
25.     From what are opioids derived?
     from opium or synthetic substitutes
26.     What are the most addictive prescription drugs?
27.     Opioids and alcohol both have what effect on the central nervous system?
     Each of these substances slows down the central nervous system.
28.     What drug is seven times as potent as morphine, on a weight basis?
29.     People who are addicted to opioids should try to quit, cold turkey. True or false?
     false/ They should wean themselves off the drug in one to two weeks.
30.     Tranquilizers are [stimulants/ depressants].
31.     A toxic dose of a barbiturate is __________________________________________________.
     only slightly higher than the dose that produces the desired effects
32.     If a barbiturate is mixed with alcohol, what effect is almost certain?
     death from respiratory depression
33.     A person can develop a physical dependence on tranquilizers within what length of time?
     within 4 weeks
34.     Which goes away more quickly - physical dependence or psychological dependence?
     physical dependence
35.     What is the first step in dealing with an addiction to prescription drugs?
     admitting that there is a problem
© Educational Video Network, Inc. 2005 - www.evndirect.com
Your leading source for curriculum-based educational videos and DVDs.