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Study Guide Answers

1.     Amphetamines and methamphetamines are [depressant/stimulant] drugs.
2.     When were amphetamines and methamphetamines first developed?
     in the late 19th and early 20th Centuries
3.     What do these drugs increase? What do they reduce?
     They increase alertness and feelings of euphoria. They reduce fatigue.
4.     Why were these drugs introduced into the U.S. pharmaceutical market in 1932?
     They reduce nasal and bronchial congestion.
5.     What is the only legal way to obtain amphetamines and methamphetamines today?
     with a doctor's prescription
6.     For what disorder are children often prescribed Ritalin, a stimulant drug?
     attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder
7.     What is narcolepsy?
     a disorder that causes people to suddenly fall asleep, with no warning
8.     Why is obesity sometimes treated with amphetamines?
     It suppresses appetite.
9.     A clear, crystalline form of the chemical compound, d-methamphetamine-hydrochloride, is commonly called what?
     crystal methamphetamine
10.     In its smokeable form, methamphetamine is called _____________________________________.
     "ICE," "glass," "crystal," or "crank"
11.     The main ingredient in crystal meth is _____________________________________.
12.     All forms of methamphetamine are chemically identical. True or false?
13.     ICE is melted, vaporized, and ________________________________.
14.     Why does an ICE user normally have a burn mark on his or her hand?
     The glass pipe that's used has a vent hole that must be covered by a finger. This leaves a burn mark.
15.     How long does the "high" produced by meth last?
     between 12 and 24 hours
16.     A single dose of methamphetamine can be fatal. True or false?
17.     Addiction to ICE can happen after the very first smoke. True or false?
18.     Habitual methamphetamine use rewires the brain. True or false?
19.     What neurotransmitter does methamphetamine cause the brain to release?
20.     What does the high level of dopamine cause?
     the "rush" and the "high"
21.     What does the brain do, to slow down the hyped-up flow of dopamine?
     Brain cell receptors start turning off.
22.     Regarding excess dopamine, how is methamphetamine different from other stimulants?
     Other stimulants let the brain cells collect and put away excess dopamine that's been released, but methamphetamine prevents this from happening.
23.     When a person is high on meth, what do brain cells produce to destroy the dopamine?
     an enzyme
24.     Eventually, a meth addict does not have enough ___________________________ left in his or her brain for normal functioning.
25.     What kinds of consequences does the brain suffer as a result of methamphetamine abuse?
     People lose motivation and become apathetic. They have a hard time concentrating, and reading comprehension is impaired. Many mind and mood disorders can be triggered. Heavy users experience hallucinations.
26.     What's usually the most dramatic and noticeable effect of methamphetamine use?
     extreme weight loss
27.     Why does a meth user usually suffer from vitamin and mineral deficiencies?
     They don't eat for many days at a stretch, so they don't get necessary nutrients.
28.     What two organs are especially at risk if meth use persists for a long period of time?
     the liver and the kidneys
29.     What is "tweaking"?
     "Tweaking" is going on a meth binge and staying high for days at a time.
30.     A "tweaker's" eyes move how much more quickly than those of a person who is sober?
     ten times more quickly
31.     Because they have so much energy, what kinds of things do meth addicts do?
     They do meaningless tasks over and over again because they have a need to be doing something with their hands.
32.     When a "tweaker" comes down, how long might he or she sleep?
     up to three days
33.     Fatigue, in conjunction with overstimulation of the brain creates what?
     paranoia/ self-destructive or violent behavior
34.     When a user develops "tolerance," what happens?
     More and more meth is needed to deliver the "high."
35.     Can a person overdose on meth?
36.     How can methamphetamine kill a person?
     The body can heat up to the point of hyperthermia, convulsions can occur, blood vessels in the brain can burst because of elevated blood pressure, and heart failure can occur.
37.     Hazardous chemicals used to produce methamphetamine are __________________________________________________________________________.
     unstable, toxic, flammable, and corrosive
38.     What ingredient used in methamphetamine production can dissolve flesh, right down to the bone, in seconds?
     hydriotic acid
39.     Even the tiniest spark can create an explosion in a meth lab. True or false?
40.     Why must law enforcement officers wear special gear when they enter a meth lab?
     Toxic residue covers everything.
41.     How much does the DEA spend every year to haul away meth-lab waste?
     between five and eight million dollars annually
42.     What increased criminal sentences for the possession and distribution of methamphetamine?
     The Methamphetamine Control Act of 1996
43.     What are the mandatory minimum sentences for dealing meth?
     five years in prison for selling ten grams/ 10 years in prison for selling 100 grams
44.     What's the first step in reclaiming your life from meth addiction?
     A user must admit that he or she has a problem.
45.     What may a former user experience while kicking the drug habit?
     cravings, depression, irritability, and nightmares
© Educational Video Network, Inc. 2005 - www.evndirect.com
Your leading source for curriculum-based educational videos and DVDs.