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Study Guide Answers

1.     What are three factors that can influence teens to become sexually active before they're really ready?
     peer pressure/ hormones/ misconceptions about sex
2.     Hormones control our behavior whether we want them to control it or not. True or false?
3.     Engaging in sex automatically creates feelings of love. True or false?
4.     Regret is a common emotional consequence of giving in to demands for sex. True or false?
5.     Why do some pregnant teens quit school?
     to avoid negative attention
6.     Which segment of the population runs the greatest risk of contracting sexually transmitted infections?
7.     STIs and venereal diseases are the same thing. True or false?
8.     STIs are contagious disorders. True or false?
9.     What is the most common STI among young adults?
10.     Chlamydia is known as the "__________________________ epidemic." Why?
     silent/ There are often no signs or symptoms that it's been transmitted.
11.     When males contract chlamydia, what symptoms are they likely to experience?
     pain and burning during urination/ unusual discharge from penis
12.     What are some symptoms of chlamydia likely to be experienced by females?
     unusual discharge from vagina/ pelvic pain/ pain when urinating
13.     Syphilis can be transmitted from a mother to her unborn child. True or false?
14.     Syphilis goes through ________________ stages. What are they?
     four/ primary/ secondary/ latent/ tertiary
15.     When syphilis is contracted, painless sores called __________________________ appear where the pathogen entered the body.
16.     What is the hallmark of the second stage of syphilis?
     a non-itching rash on the chest, on the backs of the arms, and on the legs
17.     When a person is infected with syphilis, clear liquid that's filled with ____________________________________________________ can flow from sores.
     infectious bacteria
18.     What are some common symptoms of secondary-stage syphilis?
     swollen glands/ sore throat/ fever/ fatigue
19.     What happens about two years after a person contracts syphilis?
     all signs of syphilis will disappear
20.     Which body systems does syphilis attack?
     heart, blood vessels, nervous system ( brain and spinal cord ), eyes
21.     Gonorrhea is also called "_______________________________________."
     the clap
22.     How long after infection do symptoms of gonorrhea appear?
     between three days and six weeks
23.     Females are more likely than males to exhibit symptoms of gonorrhea. True or false?
24.     Gonorrhea can scar reproductive organs, thereby causing ______________________________.
25.     Herpes is curable if immediate treatment is sought. True or false?
26.     Herpes simplex type 1 is ______________________ herpes.
27.     Herpes simplex type 2 is _______________________ herpes.
28.     The first outbreak of genital herpes is usually the most severe. True or false?
29.     Symptoms of herpes may not flare up for years at a time. True or false?
30.     Herpes can be transmitted by touching and by kissing. True or false?
31.     Hepatitis B is a [ bacterial/ viral ] infection.
32.     Which organ is affected by Hepatitis B?
     the liver
33.     How is Hepatitis B transmitted?
     through body fluids
34.     What are the three types of HBV infections?
     silent infection/ acute hepatitis/ chronic hepatitis
35.     What is "jaundice"?
     a condition that causes the skin and eyes to take on a yellowish tint
36.     Acute and chronic hepatitis can result in ____________________________ and _________________.
     liver failure/ death
37.     No vaccine exists for Hepatitis B. True or false?
38.     "HIV" means "__________________________________________________________."
     Human Immunodeficiency Virus
39.     What is an "opportunistic illness"?
     an illness caused by bacteria or by a virus that takes advantage of the victim's compromised immune system - these illnesses would not be life-threatening to someone with a healthy immune system
40.     "AIDS" means "_______________________________________________________________."
     Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
41.     "Helper T" cells fight _____________________________.
42.     How is HIV transmitted?
     by sexual contact, by contact with the blood of an infected person, by sharing a needle with an infected person, in breast milk
43.     How long may a person be infected with HIV before showing symptoms?
     up to ten years
44.     What is the best way to avoid the bad consequences of sexual activity?
45.     Which form of birth control is the most effective?
     Depo-proveraŽ shots
46.     Anyone engaging in sexual activity should use a(n) _____________________________. Why?
     condom/ It's the only thing that can protect you from contracting STIs.
47.     What do condoms do?
     They trap semen and prevent fluids from entering the sexual partner.
48.     Why should condoms made of animal skins be avoided?
     They are too porous to protect against STIs.
49.     Always use petroleum jelly with a condom. True or false?
50.     A condom can break during intercourse. True or false?
51.     If a doctor gives you medication for the treatment of a sexually transmitted infection, what must you be sure to do?
     Take all of the medication so that all of the bacteria are killed.
© Educational Video Network, Inc. 2005 - www.evndirect.com
Your leading source for curriculum-based educational videos and DVDs.