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Study Guide Answers

1.     ___________________________________ percent of Americans experience some stress every two weeks.
     Seventy-five
2.     What does stress prepare us to handle?
     things that are threatening or unfamiliar
3.     What is stress?
     Stress is a physical and psychological reaction to our continually changing environment.
4.     Why is positive stress good?
     It helps us to strive to do our best. It motivates us to achieve and it fuels creativity.
5.     What can result from negative stress?
     ulcers, high blood pressure, insomnia, headaches, rashes, upset stomach, heart disease, stroke, alcoholism, obesity, drug addiction
6.     Adrenaline is a(n) ______________________________ hormone.
     stress
7.     What does a rush of adrenaline do to the body?
     It increases heart rate and blood pressure and heightens awareness. Muscles tighten up and breathing becomes rapid and shallow. The digestive system closes down, pupils dilate, and blood clots more quickly.
8.     What are "stressors"?
     events that cause stress
9.     What is another word for good stress?
     eustress
10.     What is another word for bad stress?
     distress
11.     When a person is stressed out for an extended period of time, he or she is suffering from what?
     chronic stress
12.     What are some of the symptoms of chronic stress?
     headaches, backaches, neckaches, joint and muscle pain, dizziness, shortness of breath, stomach problems
13.     If your health is threatened, you may experience ____________________________ stress.
     survival
14.     The "feel" of your home or classroom can lead to ___________________________ stress.
     environmental
15.     What are some short-term physical symptoms of stress?
     elevated heart rate, breathing, and sweat production; skin, hands, and feet feel cool; mouth feels dry; muscles tense; "butterflies" in the stomach
16.     Adrenaline impairs your judgment. True or false?
     true
17.     Adrenaline promotes [negative/ positive] thinking.
     negative
18.     Long-term stress causes health to ______________________________.
     deteriorate
19.     What are the emotional consequences of long-term stress?
     anxiety, confusion, lethargy
20.     Describe the personality of someone who has endured long-term stress.
     restless, helpless, hostile, frustrated, impatient, irritable, critical, aggressive, defensive
21.     Why do you need to be aware of the things that cause stress in your life?
     in order to manage stress
22.     When you feel the symptoms of stress, take time to __________________________.
     relax
23.     What can you do to get rid of some of the excess energy that's stimulated by adrenaline?
     exercise
© Educational Video Network, Inc. 2005 - www.evndirect.com
Your leading source for curriculum-based educational videos and DVDs.