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Study Guide Answers

1.     What is "obesity"?
     Obesity is a medical disorder.
2.     How does obesity in children begin?
     with a significant increase in the number of fat cells
3.     In adulthood, no new fat cells are created. True or false?
     true
4.     If your weight exceeds your "ideal body weight" by __________________%, or more, you're obese.
     20
5.     The degree of obesity is measured in terms of_____________________________________, or "BMI."
     Body Mass Index
6.     What does a BMI between 25 and 30 indicate?
     It indicates that a person is overweight.
7.     What does a BMI above 30 indicate?
     It indicates that a person is obese.
8.     What are the three main reasons that more and more people in America are becoming obese?
     increases in caloric intake, sedentary pastimes, and a decrease in physical activityv
9.     What do fast-food meals rarely include?
     They rarely include servings of fruit, vegetables, or unprocessed grains.
10.     What is the primary risk factor for the development of childhood obesity?
     watching many hours of TV each day
11.     Why are modern people so inactive?
     Cars and other time-and-energy-saving machines allow us to be inactive most of the time.
12.     To "metabolize" means to "____________________________________________________."
     burn up the body's store of energy
13.     What is "morbid obesity"?
     When a person has gained so much weight that it poses a threat to his or her health, that person has become morbidly obese.
14.     How does obesity affect breathing?
     The weight of fat tissue restricts the movement of the lungs.
15.     What impact does obesity have upon a young person's self-esteem?
     They often suffer from a negative self-image and from depression.
16.     The most successful treatment for obesity depends upon what?
     a person's willingness to permanently change his or her lifestyle
17.     The word, "diet," is usually associated with what?
     deprivation
18.     What should you follow when setting up guidelines for your diet?
     the USDA's Food Guide Pyramid
19.     How many calories are in every gram of fat? In every gram of protein? In every gram of carbohydrate?
     9/ 4/ 4
20.     What kind of people must you watch out for when you begin to eat more healthful foods?
     diet saboteurs
21.     What does "comfort food" often represent?
     Mom's love
22.     Instead of consoling yourself with food, what should you do?
     Talk about your feelings with someone who'll listen.
23.     How long can it take for your brain to realize that you've eaten enough?
     up to twenty minutes
24.     How can you know what one portion of a food is?
     Read nutrition labels.
25.     How long does it take for a changed behavior to become a habit?
     about 6 months
26.     Regular physical activity will raise your _________________________________________.
     metabolic rate
27.     Endorphins elevate ___________________________.
     mood
28.     How many extra calories must you eliminate in order to lose one pound?
     3,500
29.     How can you keep yourself motivated?
     Set realistic, small goals.
30.     How often should you weigh yourself when you're trying to lose weight?
     no more than once a week
© Educational Video Network, Inc. 2005 - www.evndirect.com
Your leading source for curriculum-based educational videos and DVDs.