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Study Guide Answers

1.     Why was communication essential to early humans?
     Their very survival depended upon it.
2.     Why was communication important in America when it was a land of pioneers?
     It was the thread that kept families that were separated by distance, close.
3.     What did FDR do to encourage and unite Americans during the Great Depression and during WWII?
     FDR used the radio to communicate with the people.
4.     In the 21st Century, what is the basis for worldwide interaction?
     computer technology
5.     What non-verbal means of communication was used by primitive people?
     the painting of images on walls, rocks, and trees
6.     What purposes were served by the paintings of primitive peoples?
     Primitive paintings expressed spiritual beliefs, depicted the life cycle within a tribe of people, communicated boundaries for tribal territories and agricultural plots, and conveyed information about good hunting grounds and available water sources.
7.     What form of communication was used by the military forces of ancient China?
     Fires were lit in the towers of the Great Wall of China so that smoke signals could be sent by day and flickering beacons by night. These signals called massive ranks to the defense of their country or warned them of attack.
8.     What is a "semaphore system" of communication?
     It involves the use of flags to transmit messages across distances.
9.     Where are semaphore systems used today?
     at airports and landing strips, as well as on aircraft carriers
10.     Why were the first books so limited in number?
     They had to be copied by hand.
11.     When was the printing press invented, and by whom?
     Johannes Gutenberg invented the printing press in 1452.
12.     Prior to the existence of the printing press, who owned books?
     Generally, the wealthy or the Church.
13.     With the printing press, what kinds of printed materials became readily available?
     newspapers, magazines, books, brochures, and pamphlets
14.     When was a postal system established in Europe?
     in 1560
15.     Who was the first person to patent a telephone? When did this happen?
     Alexander Graham Bell patented a telephone in 1876.
16.     When did Marconi send the first wireless signal across the Atlantic Ocean?
     in 1901
17.     By the 1930s, nearly every American home had a(n) _________________________.
18.     What form of communication had a huge surge in popularity after WW II?
19.     When were modern computers first developed?
     in the 1940s
20.     By when were businesses all over the globe able to conduct business on the World Wide Web?
     by the 1990s
21.     What are the two fundamental elements of communication?
     the sender and the receiver
22.     What is the responsibility of the sender?
     to make sure that the message sent will be clear to the receiver
23.     What is the responsibility of the receiver?
     to interpret the message correctly in order to successfully achieve the goal for which the communication was created
24.     How does communication serve us in the modern world?
     We use it for entertainment and education, for economic growth, and for the inspiration of nations.
25.     How has the health sector made use of modern forms of communication?
     Online video conferencing allows patients in remote areas to be diagnosed and treated.
26.     How have new forms of communication impacted education?
     Students use computer technology to learn information and to communicate with others.
© Educational Video Network, Inc. 2005 - www.evndirect.com
Your leading source for curriculum-based educational videos and DVDs.